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Author Xu, Xiaojiang ♦ Karis, Anthony J. ♦ Buller, Mark J. ♦ Santee, William R.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2013
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword Non-invasive measurement ♦ Heat strain ♦ Human ♦ Heat transfer ♦ Human Physiology ♦ Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ♦ Sports Medicine
Abstract This paper investigates the relationship between core temperature (T c), skin temperature (T s) and heat flux (HF) during exercise in hot conditions.Nine test volunteers, wearing an Army Combat Uniform and body armor, participated in three sessions at 25 °C/50 % relative humidity (RH); 35 °C/70 % RH; and 42 °C/20 % RH. Each session consisted of two 1-h treadmill walks at ~350 W and ~540 W intensity. T s and HF from six sites on the forehead, sternum, pectoralis, left rib cage, left scapula, and left thigh, and T c (i.e., core temperature pill used as a suppository) were measured. Multiple linear regressions were conducted to derive algorithms that estimate T c from T s and HF at each site. A simple model was developed to simulate influences of thermal conductivity and thickness of the local body tissues on the relationship between T c, T s, and HF.Coefficient of determination (R 2) ranged from 0.30 to 0.88, varying with locations and conditions. Good sites for T c measurement at surface were the sternum, and a combination of the sternum, scapula, and rib sites. The combination of T s and HF measured at the sternum explained ~75 % or more of variance in observed T c in hot environments. The forehead was found unsuitable for exercise in heat due to sweating and evaporative heat loss. The derived algorithms are likely applicable only for the same ensemble or ensembles with similar thermal and vapor resistances.Algorithms for T c measurement are location-specific and their accuracy is dependent, to a large degree, on sensor placement.
ISSN 14396319
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2013-06-18
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 113
Issue Number 9
Page Count 9
Starting Page 2381
Ending Page 2389


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Source: SpringerLink