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Author Zimmermann, B. ♦ Moegelin, Alexander ♦ de Souza, Phillipe ♦ Bier, Jürgen
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1998
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract  Syndesmotic sutures of the skull are formed by dense connective tissue and called ”open”; they are ”closed” by formation of a synostosis between adjacent bones. Open sutures are considered as areas of growth and as hinges. The importance of open sutures during the period of skull growth is reflected by pathological situations in which premature closure of the sutures occurs. As alterations of the FGF receptor have been reported in genetical disorders accompanied by premature suture closure (Bellus et al. 1996), the role of fibroblasts and connective tissue in the development of the sagittal suture of mice has been investigated by light and electron microscopy. Morphological changes of the sagittal suture at the following stages are reported: at embryonic day 18, days 1, 5, 9, 14, 20, 26, 28 after birth and in adult mice. Two skulls per stage were investigated. Early osteogenesis appeared in a thin plate, followed by a second plate underneath the first one. Both were separated by blood vessels. In general, vascularization preceded desmoid mineralization; the space around blood vessels was occupied by non-bone-forming cells leaving cavities for the presumptive bone marrow. Mineralization of the collagen-rich osteoid at the mineralizing rim of the bone plates was accompanied by apoptoses and cell disintegration. Newly formed bone was immediately covered by osteoblasts forming a sheet of bone-lining cells. At day 9, the double-layered bone plates of both sides reached the median area of the skull but were separated by non-mineralizing, collagen-rich connective tissue. From day 14 onwards, the bone plates thickened. Bone apposition, recognizable by the formation of collagen-rich osteoid and proceeding from day 14 pp onwards, occurred mainly at the outer and inner surfaces of the calvariae, but neither at bone marrow surfaces nor at the medial edges of the parietal bones. These opposite bone faces showed fewer osteoblasts and bone-lining cells, but an increased number of fibroblasts. Tendon-like collagen bundles connected both bone plates of the open suture of day 26 pp as well as in the adult mice, whereby synostotically closed areas alternated. Formation of an open, syndesmotic suture can, therefore, be described as a transition of bone-forming tissue into a bone-tendon junction. The results indicate the importance of the replacement of osteoblasts by fibroblasts at the sutural front of the bone plates in order to prevent a premature suture closure.
ISSN 03402061
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1998-01-23
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14320568
Journal Anatomy and Embryology
Volume Number 197
Issue Number 2
Page Count 11
Starting Page 155
Ending Page 165


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Source: SpringerLink