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Author Birbaumer, Niels ♦ Hummel, Friedhelm C.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2014
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword Skill learning ♦ Neuroprosthetics ♦ Instrumental and classical conditioning ♦ Neurosciences ♦ Computer Application in Life Sciences ♦ Neurobiology ♦ Bioinformatics ♦ Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
Abstract Brain–Machine Interfaces (BMI) allow manipulation of external devices and computers directly with brain activity without involvement of overt motor actions. The neurophysiological principles of such robotic brain devices and BMIs follow Hebbian learning rules as described and realized by Valentino Braitenberg in his book “Vehicles,” in the concept of a “thought pump” residing in subcortical basal ganglia structures. We describe here the application of BMIs for brain communication in totally locked-in patients and argue that the thought pump may extinguish—at least partially—in those people because of extinction of instrumentally learned cognitive responses and brain responses. We show that Pavlovian semantic conditioning may allow brain communication even in the completely paralyzed who does not show response-effect contingencies. Principles of skill learning and habit acquisition as formulated by Braitenberg are the building blocks of BMIs and neuroprostheses.
ISSN 03401200
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2014-03-25
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14320770
Journal Biological Cybernetics
Volume Number 108
Issue Number 5
Page Count 7
Starting Page 595
Ending Page 601


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Source: SpringerLink