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Author Voigt, Michael ♦ Chelli, Fabio ♦ Frigo, Carlo
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1998
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract Changes in the excitability of the human triceps surae muscle short latency stretch reflexes were investigated in six male subjects before and after 4 weeks of progressive two-legged hopping training. During the measurements the subjects performed 2-Hz hopping with: preferred contact time (PCT) and short contact time. The following reflex parameters were examined before and after the training period: the soleus muscle (SOL) Hoffmann-reflex (H-reflex) at rest and during hopping, the short latency electromyogram (EMG) components of the movement induced stretch reflex (MSR) in SOL and medial gastrocnemius muscle (MG), and the EMG amplitude of the SOL and MG tendon reflexes (T-reflexes) elicited at rest. The main results can be summarized as follows: the SOL T-reflex had increased by about 28% (P < 0.05) after training while the MG T-reflex was unchanged; the SOL MSR (always evident) and the MG MSR (when observable) did not change in amplitude with training, and before training the SOL H-reflex in both hopping situations was significantly depressed to about 40% of the reference value at standing rest (P < 0.05). After training the H-reflex during PCT hopping was no longer depressed. As the value of the measured mechanical parameters (the total work rate, joint angular velocity and the ankle joint work rate) was unchanged after training in both hopping situations, the reflex changes observed could not be ascribed to changes in the movement pattern. To explain the observed changes, hypotheses of changes in the excitability of the stretch reflex caused by the training were taken into consideration and discussed.
ISSN 03015548
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1998-10-22
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 78
Issue Number 6
Page Count 11
Starting Page 522
Ending Page 532


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Source: SpringerLink