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Author Bernacchi, Carl J. ♦ Morgan, Patrick B. ♦ Ort, Donald R. ♦ Long, Stephen P.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2004
Language English
Subject Keyword Electron transport ♦ Free air [CO2] enrichment ♦ Photosynthesis ♦ Rising atmospheric [CO2] ♦ Rubisco ♦ Soybean
Abstract Down-regulation of light-saturated photosynthesis (Asat) at elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration, [CO2], has been demonstrated for many C3 species and is often associated with inability to utilize additional photosynthate and/or nitrogen limitation. In soybean, a nitrogen-fixing species, both limitations are less likely than in crops lacking an N-fixing symbiont. Prior studies have used controlled environment or field enclosures where the artificial environment can modify responses to [CO2]. A soybean free air [CO2] enrichment (FACE) facility has provided the first opportunity to analyze the effects of elevated [CO2] on photosynthesis under fully open-air conditions. Potential ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) carboxylation (Vc,max) and electron transport through photosystem II (Jmax) were determined from the responses of Asat to intercellular [CO2] (Ci) throughout two growing seasons. Mesophyll conductance to CO2 (gm) was determined from the responses of Asat and whole chain electron transport (J) to light. Elevated [CO2] increased Asat by 15–20% even though there was a small, statistically significant, decrease in Vc,max. This differs from previous studies in that Vc,max/Jmax decreased, inferring a shift in resource investment away from Rubisco. This raised the Ci at which the transition from Rubisco-limited to ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate regeneration-limited photosynthesis occurred. The decrease in Vc,max was not the result of a change in gm, which was unchanged by elevated [CO2]. This first analysis of limitations to soybean photosynthesis under fully open-air conditions reveals important differences to prior studies that have used enclosures to elevate [CO2], most significantly a smaller response of Asat and an apparent shift in resources away from Rubisco relative to capacity for electron transport.
ISSN 00320935
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2004-07-14
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14322048
Journal Planta
Volume Number 220
Issue Number 3
Page Count 13
Starting Page 434
Ending Page 446


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Source: SpringerLink