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Author Madden, Molly C. ♦ Byrnes, William C. ♦ Lebin, Jacob A. ♦ Batliner, Matthew E. ♦ Allen, David L.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2011
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword TIMP-1 ♦ Creatine kinase ♦ Skeletal muscle damage ♦ Muscle injury ♦ Muscle soreness ♦ Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ♦ Human Physiology ♦ Sports Medicine
Abstract Recent efforts to establish a role for plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) as a marker of exercise-induced muscle damage have been inconsistent. Methodological and experimental design issues have contributed to confusion in this area. The purpose of this study was to use a damaging eccentric arm task to evaluate the relationship between activity-induced muscle damage and plasma MMP-9 levels in humans while controlling for physical activity history and quantifying day-to-day variability of the dependent variables. Fourteen physically inactive males performed 6 sets of 10 eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors at 120% of their voluntary concentric maximum. Soreness ratings, maximum voluntary isometric strength, range of motion (ROM), limb circumference, and plasma creatine kinase (CK) and MMP-9 levels were measured at 2 time points before, immediately after, and 1, 2, 4, and 7 days post-exercise. Changes in traditional markers of muscle damage mirrored patterns previously reported in the literature, but plasma MMP-9 concentration and activity measured by ELISA and gelatin zymography were unchanged at all time points examined. Plasma levels of the MMP-9 inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), were also unchanged post-exercise. Finally, although mean MMP-9 levels were not significantly different between the two pre-exercise timepoints, the high total error of measurement and low day-to-day correlation suggest substantial within and between subject variability. Plasma MMP-9 levels are not a robust or reliable marker for eccentric exercise-induced damage of the elbow flexor musculature, though this may not preclude a role for MMPs in skeletal muscle remodeling in response to injury.
ISSN 14396319
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2011-01-11
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 111
Issue Number 8
Page Count 11
Starting Page 1795
Ending Page 1805


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Source: SpringerLink