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Author Stobart, Keith ♦ Mancha, Manuel ♦ Lenman, Marit ♦ Dahlqvist, Anders ♦ Stymne, Sten
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1997
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology
Subject Keyword Plant Sciences ♦ Agriculture ♦ Ecology ♦ Forestry
Abstract Microsomal membrane preparations from the immature cotyledons of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) catalysed the interconversion of the neutral lipids, mono-, di-, and triacylglycerol. Membranes were incubated with neutral lipid substrates, 14C-labelled either in the acyl or glycerol moiety, and the incorporation of radioactivity into other complex lipids determined. It was clear that diacylglycerol gave rise to triacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol as well as phosphatidylcholine. Radioactivity from added [14C] triacylglycerol was to a small extent transferred to diacylglycerol whereas added [14C] monoacylglycerol was rapidly converted to diacylglycerols and triacylglycerols. The formation of triacylglycerol from diacylglycerol occurred in the absence of acyl-CoA and hence did not involve diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DAGAT) activity. Monoacylglycerol was not esterified by direct acylation from acyl-CoA. We propose that these reactions were catalyzed by a diacylglycerol: diacylglycerol transacylase which yielded triacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol, the reaction being freely reversible. The specific activity of the transacylase was some 25% of the diacylglycerol acyltransferase activity and, hence, during the net accumulation of oil, substantial newly formed triacylglycerol equilibrated with the diacylglycerol pool. In its turn the diacylglycerol rapidly interconverted with phosphatidylcholine, the major complex lipid substrate for Δ12 desaturation. Hence, the oleate from triacylglycerols entering phosphatidylcholine via this route could be further desaturated to linoleate. A model is presented which reconciles these observations with our current understanding of fatty acid desaturation in phosphatidylcholine and oil assembly in oleaceous seeds.
ISSN 00320935
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1997-08-01
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14322048
Journal Planta
Volume Number 203
Issue Number 1
Page Count 9
Starting Page 58
Ending Page 66

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Source: SpringerLink