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Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2000
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract Aflatoxins (AF) are polyketide-derived mycotoxins that frequently contaminate food and feed crops, causing health risks to animals and humans. The fluP gene was cloned by screening an Aspergillus parasiticus genomic DNA library with a cDNA probe encoding part of a polyketide synthase (PKS), the 6-methylsalicylic acid synthase (MSAS) from Penicillium patulum. FluP was hypothesized to function as a PKS in AF biosynthesis. The predicted amino acid sequence of FluP demonstrated a high degree of identity to MSAS (55%), moderate identity to another fungal PKS protein encoded by wA from A. nidulans (22%) and low identity (<5%) to fungal fatty acid synthase (FAS) proteins. Disruption of fluP in A. parasiticus resulted in the loss of fluP transcript, a 3- to 4-fold reduction in hyphal growth rate, the appearance of a fluffy, cotton-like hyphal morphology, reduction or elimination of asexual spores and spore-bearing structures, and a twofold reduction in aflatoxin accumulation. Removal of selective pressure on fluP knockout transformants resulted in frequent reversion (10%) to the wild-type genotype and phenotype, establishing a direct link between gene disruption and the associated phenotype. The data suggest that fluP encodes a novel PKS associated with hyphal growth and cell development (sporulation), whose activity indirectly influences aflatoxin accumulation in A. parasiticus.
ISSN 00268925
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2000-09-01
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14321874
Journal Molecular and General Genetics MGG
Volume Number 264
Issue Number 4
Page Count 7
Starting Page 514
Ending Page 520

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Source: SpringerLink