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Author Sijts, E. J. A. M. ♦ Kloetzel, P. M.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher SP Birkhäuser Verlag Basel
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2011
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology
Subject Keyword Proteasome ♦ Immunosubunits ♦ PA28 ♦ MHC class I ♦ Antigen processing ♦ Immune responses ♦ Peptide splicing ♦ TCR repertoire ♦ Biomedicine general ♦ Cell Biology ♦ Life Sciences ♦ Biochemistry
Abstract The ubiquitin–proteasome system (UPS) degrades intracellular proteins into peptide fragments that can be presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. While the UPS is functional in all mammalian cells, its subunit composition differs depending on cell type and stimuli received. Thus, cells of the hematopoietic lineage and cells exposed to (pro)inflammatory cytokines express three proteasome immunosubunits, which form the catalytic centers of immunoproteasomes, and the proteasome activator PA28. Cortical thymic epithelial cells express a thymus-specific proteasome subunit that induces the assembly of thymoproteasomes. We here review new developments regarding the role of these different proteasome components in MHC class I antigen processing, T cell repertoire selection and CD8 T cell responses. We further discuss recently discovered functions of proteasomes in peptide splicing, lymphocyte survival and the regulation of cytokine production and inflammatory responses.
ISSN 1420682X
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2011-03-09
Publisher Place Basel
e-ISSN 14209071
Journal Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume Number 68
Issue Number 9
Page Count 12
Starting Page 1491
Ending Page 1502

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Source: SpringerLink