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Author Jones, Candace ♦ Anderson, Sedrick ♦ Singha, Ujjal K. ♦ Chaudhuri, Minu
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2007
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword Immunology ♦ Microbiology ♦ Medical Microbiology
Abstract Trypanosoma brucei, a parasitic protozoan that causes African trypanosomiasis in human and domestic animals, adapt in various environments during their digenetic life cycle. In this study, we found that Hsp90 is crucial for the survival of this parasite. Inhibition of Hsp90 activity by geldanamycin (GA) reduced cell growth and increased the level of Hsp90. Both the bloodstream and procyclic forms of T. brucei showed a several-fold greater sensitivity than the mammalian cells to GA and also to 17-AAG, a less toxic derivative of GA, suggesting that Hsp90 could be a potential chemotherapeuric target for African trypanosomiasis. T. brucei Hsp90 interacts with the protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) in vivo. Under normal growth conditions, T. brucei PP5 (TbPP5) and Hsp90 are primarily localized in the cytosol. However, with increase in growth temperature and GA treatment, these proteins translocate to the nucleus. Overproduction of TbPP5 by genetic manipulation reduced the growth inhibitory effect of GA, while knockdown of TbPP5 reduced cell growth more in the presence of GA, as compared to parental control. Depletion of TbPP5, however, did not prevent the induction of Hsp90 protein level during GA treatment. Together, these results suggest that TbPP5 positively regulates the function of Hsp90 to maintain cellular homeostasis during proteotoxic stresses in T. brucei.
ISSN 09320113
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2008-01-12
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14321955
Journal Parasitology Research
Volume Number 102
Issue Number 5
Page Count 10
Starting Page 835
Ending Page 844

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Source: SpringerLink