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Author Medbø, Jon Ingulf ♦ Jebens, Einar ♦ Vikne, Harald ♦ Refsnes, Per Egil ♦ Gramvik, Petter
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2001
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract This study examined how strenuous strength training affected the Na-K pump concentration in the knee extensor muscle of well-trained men and whether leg muscle strength and endurance was related to the pump concentration. First, the pump concentration, taken as 3H-ouabain binding, was measured in top alpine skiers since strength training is important to them. Second, well-trained subjects carried out strenuous eccentric resistance training either 1, 2, or 3 times · week−1 for 3 months. The Na-K pump concentration, the maximal muscle strength in a full squat lift (one repetition maximum, 1 RM), and the muscle endurance, taken as the number of full squat lifts of a mass of 70% of the 1 RM load, were measured before and after the training period. The mean pump concentration of the alpine skiers was 425 (SEM 11) nmol · kg−1 wet muscle mass. The subjects in part two increased their maximal strength in a dose-dependent manner. The muscle endurance increased for all subjects but independently of the training programme. From a mean starting value of 356 (SEM 6) nmol · kg−1 the mean Na-K pump concentration increased by 54 (SEM 15) nmol · kg−1 (+15%, P < 0.001) when the results for all subjects were pooled. The effect was larger for those who had trained twice a week than for those who had trained only once a week (P=0.025), suggesting that the effect of strength training depended on the amount of training carried out. The muscle strength and endurance were not related to the pump concentration, suggesting that the pumping power of this enzyme did not limit the performance during heavy lifting. However, the individual improvements in the endurance test during the training period correlated with the individual changes in the pump concentration (r Spearman=0.5; P=0.01) which could mean that a common factor both increases the pump concentration and makes the muscles more adapted to repeated heavy lifting.
ISSN 14396319
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2001-02-16
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 84
Issue Number 1
Page Count 7
Starting Page 148
Ending Page 154

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Source: SpringerLink