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Author Miyagishima, Shin ya ♦ Itoh, Ryuuichi ♦ Toda, Kyoko ♦ Takahashi, Hideri ♦ Kuroiwa, Haruko ♦ Kuroiwa, Tsuneyoshi
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1998
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract The formation of the plastid-dividing ring (PD ring) and mitochondrion-dividing ring (MD ring) was studied in a highly synchronous culture of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. The timing and the order of formation of the MD and PD rings were determined by observing organelles around the onset of their division, using transmission electron microscopy. In  C. merolae, there is one chloroplast and one mitochondrion per cell, and the shape of the chloroplast changes sequentially from acorn-like, to round, to trapezoidal, to peanut-shaped, in that order, during the early stage of chloroplast division. None of the cells with acorn-shaped or round chloroplasts contained organelles with PD rings or MD rings, while all of the cells with peanut-shaped chloroplasts contained organelles with both PD rings and MD rings. In cells with peanut-shaped chloroplasts, the PD and MD rings were double ring structures, with an outer ring located on the cytoplasmic face of the outer membrane of the organelle, and an inner ring located in the matrix beneath the inner membrane. These results suggested that the double ring structures of the PD ring and the MD ring form when chloroplasts are trapezoidal in shape. Detailed three-dimensional observation of cells with trapezoidal chloroplasts revealed the following steps in the formation of the double ring structures of the PD and MD rings: (i) the inner ring of the PD ring forms first, followed by the outer ring; (ii) then the MD ring forms and becomes visible; (iii) when the double ring structures of the two rings have formed, the microbody then moves from its remote location to the plane of division of the mitochondrion and contraction of the PD and MD rings commences. These steps were also confirmed by computer-aided three-dimensional reconstruction of the images from serial thin sections. This study reveals the order of formation of the double ring structures of the PD and MD rings, and the behavior of the microbody around the onset of division of plastids and mitochondria. The results also provide the first evidence that the inner PD ring is not a tension element formed by the contractile pressure but a definite structure, independent of the outer ring.
ISSN 00320935
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1998-10-07
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14322048
Journal Planta
Volume Number 206
Issue Number 4
Page Count 10
Starting Page 551
Ending Page 560


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Source: SpringerLink