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Author Gebert, A.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1997
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract  The crypt epithelium of the palatine tonsil contains M cells that play an important role in the uptake of luminal antigens to initiate immune responses. To study the close interaction of M cells, squamous epithelial cells and lymphocytes we used confocal laser scanning microscopy and the lectin from Ulex europaeus (UEA-I), which selectively labels rabbit tonsillar M cells. Confocal serial sections and synthetic section planes showed that the M cells comprise up to 35% of the epithelial cells in the tonsil crypt and completely engulf clusters of two to eight lymphocytes with their apical cytoplasm. These lymphocytes lie in a pocket of the M cell’s basolateral membrane that invaginates from one of the lateral aspects and forms a tunnel-like opening. Therefore, the tonsillar M cells closely resemble the M cells of the small and large intestines in their spatial structure, and likewise maintain an intraepithelial compartment for the interaction of lymphocytes, macrophages and antigens. The UEA-I bound intensely to the apical membrane of the M cells and to transcytotic vesicles in the apical cytoplasm. The pocket membrane bound the UEA-I more avidly than the remaining basolateral membrane, suggesting that the basolateral membrane of M cells is subdivided into membrane domains with different compositions of glycoconjugates.
ISSN 03402061
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1997-03-24
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14320568
Journal Anatomy and Embryology
Volume Number 195
Issue Number 4
Page Count 6
Starting Page 353
Ending Page 358

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Source: SpringerLink