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Author Buchmann, K. ♦ Bresciani, J.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1997
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract Microhabitat selection of Gyrodactylus derjavini on the body surface of rainbow trout changed markedly during a 6-week experimental infection period. Pectoral fins, pelvic fins and anal fins were the most important sites (expressed in terms of parasite density) during the initial part of the infection. In the later stages of infection, the corneal surface and tail fin became increasingly more heavily infested. Factors responsible for this dynamic site selection were investigated. The density of superficial mucous cells in the epithelium of fins and skin was weakly correlated (r = 0.23) with parasite density in the first part of the infection. This association changed into a significant negative correlation (r = −0.92) as the infection progressed and the parasite population increased. These results strongly indicate that mucous cell contents play a decisive role in gyrodactylid site selection. Lysozyme, protease, immunoglobulin (Ig), complement factor C3, enzymes, lectin-binding carbohydrates and peptides adrenocorticotropic hormone, interleukin (IL-1) and somastatin) were detected in mucus and some of these (Ig, C3, IL-1, carbohydrates) are suggested to influence the infection dynamics. Thus, some molecules in mucus are liable first to attract the gyrodactylids, but subsequently reactive substances present in increasing amounts will counteract the performance of parasites in mucous-cell-rich microhabitats. The mechanisms involved in this process are discussed.
ISSN 09320113
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1997-11-17
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14321955
Journal Parasitology Research
Volume Number 84
Issue Number 1
Page Count 8
Starting Page 17
Ending Page 24

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Source: SpringerLink