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Author Isidro, Julio ♦ Kx, Ron ♦ Singh, Asheesh ♦ Clarke, Fran ♦ Krishna, Priti ♦ DePauw, Ron ♦ Clarke, John ♦ Somers, Daryl
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2012
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology
Subject Keyword Brassinosteroid ♦ Leaf unrolling ♦ Wheat ♦ Quantitative trait loci ♦ Mapping ♦ Biomass ♦ Ecology ♦ Agriculture ♦ Plant Sciences ♦ Forestry
Abstract Brassinosteroids are a newly reported class of plant growth phytohormones found in plants throughout the plant kingdom. Functioning at very low concentrations, they play an essential role in improving biomass yield and stress tolerance. There are no reports in the literature of the genetic variability of responsiveness of brassinosteroids in wheat; most studies on brassinosteroids have focused on the physiological effects of exogenous addition of brassinosteroids. Our aim was to study the genetic variation in the responsiveness of a doubled haploid durum wheat population to three brassinosteroid concentrations using the leaf unrolling test, which is a simple bioassay to test brassinosteroid activity. An F1-derived doubled haploid population of 77 individuals from the cross Strongfield/Blackbird was used to construct a genetic map of 427 molecular marker loci. The leaf unrolling test was performed on the parents and doubled haploid genotypes of the population using 0.2, 2 and 20 nM brassinosteroid concentrations. The results indicated significant differences in leaf unrolling between the two parents, doubled haploid genotypes, treatments and genotype-by-treatment combinations. Transgressive segregation beyond Strongfield of leaf unrolling was observed for all concentrations, with the strongest response at 20 nM. Putative quantitative trait loci were revealed in the intervals Xgwm2–Xbarc45 on chromosome 3A and Xwmc643a–Xwmc625a on chromosome 3B. Additional quantitative trait loci were associated with markers Xwmc48a, Xwmc511, Xwmc89a and Xgwmc692 on chromosome 4B, and Xwmc17 on chromosome 7A. This work should enhance the understanding of the relationship between stress tolerance and productivity, and responsiveness to brassinosteroids.
ISSN 00320935
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2012-02-18
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14322048
Journal Planta
Volume Number 236
Issue Number 1
Page Count 9
Starting Page 273
Ending Page 281

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Source: SpringerLink