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Author Akova, Bedrettin ♦ Sürmen Gür, Esma ♦ Gür, Hakan ♦ Dirican, Melahat ♦ Sarandöl, Emre ♦ Küçükoglu, Selçuk
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2001
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the individual and combined antioxidant effects of menstrual cycle phase-related alterations in blood serum oestradiol concentrations and of dietary vitamin E supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress and muscle performance. A group of 18 sedentary women, aged 19–35 years, were given supplements of 300 mg α-tocopherol (n=10) or placebo (n=8) daily during the course of two menstrual cycles. The subjects exercised the knee isokinetically to exhaustion after cycling submaximally at 50% maximal oxygen uptake during the menstrual and preovulatory phases of their menstrual cycles. Blood samples were taken before and after the exercise, to evaluate haematocrit, plasma lactic acid and malondialdehyde concentrations, erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and apolipoprotein B containing lipoprotein (non-high density lipoprotein, HDL, fraction) oxidation. Serum vitamin E, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and oestradiol concentrations were measured in pre-exercise blood samples. Neither vitamin E supplementation nor oestradiol concentrations influenced SOD and GPx activities or the susceptibility of the non-HDL fraction to oxidation while at rest. Plasma malondialdehyde concentration was unaffected by exercise, however significant reductions in erythrocyte SOD and GPx activities and increased susceptibility of the non-HDL fraction to oxidation were noted after exercise. Exercise-induced changes were reduced when oestradiol concentration was high in the preovulatory phase, independent of the serum vitamin E concentrations. In addition, both pre- (r=0.58, P < 0.05) and post-exercise (r=0.73, P < 0.001) GPx activities in placebo administered subjects were positively correlated with oestradiol concentrations. In conclusion, these findings suggest a better protective role of oestradiol against oxidative injury, compared to vitamin E. Exhausting muscle performance was, however, not influenced by vitamin E supplementation and/or cycle-phase related changes in oestradiol concentrations.
ISSN 14396319
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2001-02-16
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 84
Issue Number 1
Page Count 7
Starting Page 141
Ending Page 147

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Source: SpringerLink