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Author Smith, Joshua R. ♦ Emerson, Sam R. ♦ Kurti, Stephanie P. ♦ Gandhi, Kirti ♦ Harms, Craig A.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword Pulmonary function ♦ Dysanapsis ♦ Puberty ♦ Sex difference ♦ Expiratory flow rates ♦ Human Physiology ♦ Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ♦ Sports Medicine
Abstract The purpose was to determine if the airways and lungs grow disproportionately from pre- to post-puberty in boys and girls. We hypothesized that the airways grow at a slower rate than lung volume (i.e. dysanapsis growth) during puberty and boys would exhibit more dysanaptic growth compared to girls.Twenty-one pre-pubescent children [11 boys (pre 10.1 ± 0.5 years, post 15.3 ± 0.5 years); 10 girls (pre 9.4 ± 1.0 years, post 14.1 ± 1.0 years)] performed pulmonary function tests (PFTs) ~5 years ago from an original cohort of 40 children. These 21 children performed PFTs, which included forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory flow at 50 % FVC (FEF50). Static pressure at 50 % of FVC [Pst(L)50 %] was estimated based on age. Dysanapsis ratio (DR) was calculated [FEF50 × FVC−1 × Pst(L) 50 % −1 ]. Maturation status was determined via Tanner stages.Stage of maturation was not different (p > 0.05) between boys and girls (4.2 ± 0.6 stage vs. 3.7 ± 0.7 stage, respectively). FVC and FEF50 increased (p < 0.05), DR significantly decreased, and FEF50/FVC was similar (p > 0.05) from pre- to post-puberty. FEF50 and FVC significantly increased and DR decreased (p < 0.05) post-puberty for both sexes. Post-puberty, boys had a significantly larger FVC, but FEF50, DR, and FEF50/FVC were not different (p > 0.05) compared to girls.These data suggest that dysanaptic growth occurs during puberty and that it is not different between boys and girls.
ISSN 14396319
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-03-12
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 115
Issue Number 8
Page Count 8
Starting Page 1645
Ending Page 1652

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Source: SpringerLink