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Author Zhou, Lulei ♦ Liu, Ling ♦ Yang, Jinli ♦ Li, Yuxin ♦ Bai, Wencheng ♦ Liu, Na ♦ Li, Wenlong ♦ Gao, Yumin ♦ Xu, Liping ♦ Liu, Zhi ♦ Han, Runlin
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword Low-density lipoprotein ♦ Group A Streptococcus ♦ Opsonin ♦ Phagocytosis ♦ Monocyte ♦ Medical Microbiology ♦ Immunology
Abstract Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) binds to group A Streptococcus (GAS) through Sc11 protein, and scavenger receptor CD36 of monocyte mediates the endocytosis of native or modified LDL. Therefore, we hypothesized that LDL might be an opsonin enhancing the phagocytosis of LDL-bound GAS by monocyte. The results showed that LDL could significantly promote U937 cell to phagocytose M28 (ATCC BAA1064) and M41 (ATCC 12373, AM41)-type GAS, and the phagocytosis rates were significantly increased, compared with LDL-free group. LDL, however, did not enhance the phagocytosis of M41 (CMCC 32198, CM41) or M6 (ATCC BAA946)-type GAS since these two strains did not bind to LDL. CD36 was the major scavenger receptor mediating the uptake of LDL-bound GAS by monocyte U937 cells since anti-CD36 antibody abolished the phagocytosis of LDL-opsonized GAS but anti-CD4 antibody did not. Most of AM41-type GAS cells were killed in human blood, whereas only a few CM41-type cells were phagocytosed. Moreover, recombinant Scl1 (rScl1) derived from M41-type GAS could significantly decrease the opsonophagocytosis of AM41 but not CM41-type GAS because the rScl1 competitively blocked the binding of AM41-type GAS to LDL. Therefore, our findings suggest that LDL may be an opsonin to enhance CD36-dependent opsonic phagocytosis of GAS by monocyte.
ISSN 03008584
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-09-21
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14321831
Journal Medical Microbiology and Immunology
Volume Number 205
Issue Number 2
Page Count 8
Starting Page 155
Ending Page 162

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Source: SpringerLink