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Author Rodríguez Romo, Gabriel ♦ Ruiz, Jonatan R. ♦ Santiago, Catalina ♦ Fiuza Luces, Carmen ♦ González Freire, Marta ♦ Gómez Gallego, Félix ♦ Morán, María ♦ Lucia, Alejandro
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2010
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword Jump ♦ Sprint ♦ Genes ♦ Genotype:phenotype association ♦ Sports Medicine ♦ Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ♦ Human Physiology
Abstract We investigated the association of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism, alone or in combination with the α-actinin-3 gene (ACTN3) R577X polymorphism, with jumping (vertical squat and counter-movement jump tests) and sprint ability (30 m dash) in non-athletic, healthy young adults [N = 281 (214 male), mean (SD) age 21 (2) years]. We did not observe any effect of the ACE I/D polymorphism on study phenotypes. We repeated the analyses separately in men and women and the results did not materially change. Likewise, the mean estimates of the study phenotypes were similar in subjects with the genotype combinations ACE II + ID and ACTN3 XX or ACE DD and ACTN3 RR + RX. We found no association between the ACE DD and ACTN3 RR + RX genotype combination and performance (≥90th of the sex-specific percentile). In summary, though the ACE I/D polymorphism is a strong candidate to modulate some exercise-related phenotypes or athletic performance status, this polymorphism, alone or in combination with the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism, does not seem to exert a major influence in the muscle ‘explosive’ power of young healthy adults, as assessed during multi-joint exercise tests.
ISSN 14396319
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-08-24
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 110
Issue Number 6
Page Count 8
Starting Page 1099
Ending Page 1106

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Source: SpringerLink