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Author Paulsen, G. ♦ Hanssen, K. E. ♦ Rønnestad, B. R. ♦ Kvamme, N. H. ♦ Ugelstad, I. ♦ Kadi, F. ♦ Raastad, T.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2011
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword Stress proteins ♦ Resistance exercise ♦ Hypertrophy ♦ Adaptation to training ♦ Human Physiology ♦ Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ♦ Sports Medicine
Abstract A single bout of high-force exercise has been shown to increase the muscle levels of heat shock proteins (HSPs). Here, changes in the levels of HSPs after 2 and 11 weeks of strength training with either one or three sets per exercise were examined. Fifteen young men (27 ± 6 years, 182 ± 8 cm and 82 ± 13 kg) were randomized to train either one set in lower-body exercises and three sets in upper-body exercises (1L-3UB), or three sets in lower-body exercises and one set in upper-body exercises (3L-1UB). Biopsies from vastus lateralis and trapezius were obtained before, during (2 weeks) and after 11 weeks of strength training (3 bouts per week). The biopsies were analysed for HSP27 (cytosolic and cytoskeletal fractions) and HSP70 and αB-crystallin (cytosolic fraction). No evidence for an effect of training volume (1 vs. 3 sets) on the HSP response was found. For all subjects combined, HSP27 [186 ± 69% (mean ± SD)], HSP70 (146 ± 51%) and αB-crystallin (184 ± 82%) increased in the cytosolic fraction of vastus lateralis after 11 weeks of training. In the trapezius, the only observed increase was for HSP27 in the cytosolic fraction after 2 weeks of training (149 ± 59%). However, the trapezius contained somewhat higher levels of HSP70 and αB-crystallin than vastus lateralis at baseline. The HSP27 levels in the cytoskeletal compartment did not increase significantly in either muscle. In conclusion, strength training resulted—independent of training volume—in elevated levels of HSP27, HSP70 and αB-crystallin in the cytosolic compartment of the vastus lateralis. In the trapezius, only the cytosolic HSP27 levels were increased with training.
ISSN 14396319
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2011-09-08
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14396327
Journal European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume Number 112
Issue Number 5
Page Count 10
Starting Page 1773
Ending Page 1782

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Source: SpringerLink