Access Restriction

Author Krige, John
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Birkhäuser-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2005
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics
Subject Keyword Isidor I. Rabi ♦ Lloyd V. Berkner ♦ Lew Kowarski ♦ accelerator ♦ Brookhaven National Laboratory ♦ CERN ♦ French CEA ♦ high-energy physics ♦ Marshall Plan ♦ research reactor ♦ U.S. State Department ♦ Physics
Abstract Isidor I. Rabi (1898–1988) is the acknowledged “father of CERN,” today one of the most important particle-physics laboratories in the world. I explore his motives for promoting the idea in 1950 that Western Europe should build a “Brookhaven” with national governments replacing universities. I unravel the many ways in which a major accelerator facility in Geneva, Switzerland, could both stimulate European science and serve the interests of the American scientific community. Rabi was careful to avoid giving any official support to steps then under way in Europe to build a research reactor, even though Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, New York, had one from the outset. I suggest that his main motive for doing so was that he wanted West Germany to be part of the collaborative venture. Rabi was well aware of the foreign-policy objectives of the U.S. State Department in the European theater in 1950, and he wanted to situate politically the new research center in the framework of the Marshall Plan for the postwar reconstruction of the continent, “remaking the Old World in the image of the New.”
ISSN 14226944
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2005-01-01
Publisher Place Basel
e-ISSN 14226960
Journal Physics in Perspective
Volume Number 7
Issue Number 2
Page Count 15
Starting Page 150
Ending Page 164

Open content in new tab

   Open content in new tab
Source: SpringerLink