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Author Belfaiza, M. ♦ Moncef, M. ♦ Rondelaud, D.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2005
Language English
Abstract Parent snails, F1, and F2, originating from a Moroccan population of Galba truncatula, were experimentally subjected to sympatric miracidia of Fasciola hepatica at 20°C to determine the mode of adaptation of this parasite to the local intermediate host via the study of redial burdens and by following cercarial shedding. In spite of an increase in the global prevalences of infections, the frequencies recorded for immature or mature infections in dissected snails did not show any significant variations from parents to F2. If the redial burdens in mature infections were mainly composed of first-generation rediae in parent snails, the numbers of rediae belonging to subsequent generations significantly increased in the F1 and F2 generations. In mature infections, the lengths of first-generation rediae and their contents significantly decreased from parent snails to F2. Conversely, in the first redial cohort of the second generation (R2a rediae), only the intraredial contents increased significantly with snail generation. In mature infections, daughter redia production was ensured by all mother rediae of the first generation in parent snails, whereas it was progressively effected by the first mother redia in the F1 and F2 infections. The numbers of cercariae shed by snails increased significantly from parents to F2. If the cercariae produced by first-generation rediae decreased with snail generation, an inverse finding was noted in the case of R2a rediae. We suggest that snails impose a bottleneck on the development of the first mother redia, so that other mother rediae of the first generation react with greater growth (until 3.9 mm in parent snails), an important daughter redia production and a high cercarial production. As the first mother redia remained alive until day 49 post-exposure but without growth after week 2, this mode of development must be considered as a new developmental pattern of redial generations, and it is useful to determine its frequency in snails, as it has never been found in naturally or experimentally infected snails in central France.
ISSN 09320113
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2005-02-18
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14321955
Journal Parasitology Research
Volume Number 95
Issue Number 6
Page Count 5
Starting Page 374
Ending Page 378

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Source: SpringerLink