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Author Peña, Jaime A. ♦ Damm, Timo ♦ Bastgen, Jan ♦ Barkmann
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ♦ APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ BONE MARROW ♦ BONE MINERAL DENSITY ♦ COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY ♦ ERRORS ♦ FATS ♦ LICENSES ♦ PERFORMANCE ♦ TRABECULAR BONE ♦ VERTEBRAE
Abstract Purpose: Accurate noninvasive assessment of vertebral bone marrow fat fraction is important for diagnostic assessment of a variety of disorders and therapies known to affect marrow composition. Moreover, it provides a means to correct fat-induced bias of single energy quantitative computed tomography (QCT) based bone mineral density (BMD) measurements. The authors developed new segmentation and calibration methods to obtain quantitative surrogate measures of marrow-fat density in the axial skeleton. Methods: The authors developed and tested two high resolution-QCT (HR-QCT) based methods which permit segmentation of bone voids in between trabeculae hypothesizing that they are representative of bone marrow space. The methods permit calculation of marrow content in units of mineral equivalent marrow density (MeMD). The first method is based on global thresholding and peeling (GTP) to define a volume of interest away from the transition between trabecular bone and marrow. The second method, morphological filtering (MF), uses spherical elements of different radii (0.1–1.2 mm) and automatically places them in between trabeculae to identify regions with large trabecular interspace, the bone-void space. To determine their performance, data were compared ex vivo to high-resolution peripheral CT (HR-pQCT) images as the gold-standard. The performance of the methods was tested on a set of excised human vertebrae with intact bone marrow tissue representative of an elderly population with low BMD. Results: 86% (GTP) and 87% (MF) of the voxels identified as true marrow space on HR-pQCT images were correctly identified on HR-QCT images and thus these volumes of interest can be considered to be representative of true marrow space. Within this volume, MeMD was estimated with residual errors of 4.8 mg/cm{sup 3} corresponding to accuracy errors in fat fraction on the order of 5% both for GTP and MF methods. Conclusions: The GTP and MF methods on HR-QCT images permit noninvasive localization and densitometric assessment of marrow fat with residual accuracy errors sufficient to study disorders and therapies known to affect bone marrow composition. Additionally, the methods can be used to correct BMD for fat induced bias. Application and testing in vivo and in longitudinal studies are warranted to determine the clinical performance and value of these methods.
ISSN 00942405
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-07-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Medical Physics
Volume Number 43
Issue Number 7


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