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Author Holtzman, Adam L. ♦ Hoppe, Bradford S. ♦ Letter, Haley P. ♦ Bryant, Curtis ♦ Nichols, Romaine C. ♦ Henderson, Randal H. ♦ Mendenhall, William M. ♦ Morris, Christopher G. ♦ Williams, Christopher R. ♦ Li, Zuofeng ♦ Mendenhall, Nancy P.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE ♦ GY RANGE 10-100 ♦ MEDICAL RECORDS ♦ NEOPLASMS ♦ PATIENTS ♦ PLATINUM ♦ PROSTATE ♦ PROTON BEAMS ♦ RADIOTHERAPY ♦ RBE ♦ TOXICITY
Abstract Purpose: Local recurrence of prostate cancer after cryosurgery (CS) and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is an emerging problem for which optimal management is unknown. Proton therapy (PT) may offer advantages over other local therapeutic options. This article reviews a single institution's experience using PT for salvage of local recurrent disease after HIFU or CS. Methods and Materials: We reviewed the medical records of 21 consecutive patients treated with salvage PT following a local recurrence of prostate cancer after CS (n=12) or HIFU (n=9) between January 2007 and July 2014. Patients were treated to a median dose of 74 Gy(relative biological effectiveness [RBE]; range: 74-82 Gy[RBE]) and 8 patients received androgen deprivation therapy with radiation therapy. Patients were evaluated for quality of life (QOL) by using the Expanded Prostate Index Composite questionnaire and toxicity by using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0, weekly during treatment, every 6 months for 2 years after treatment, and then annually. Results: Median follow-up was 37 months (range: 6-95 months). The 3-year biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) rate was 77%. The 3-year grade 3 toxicity rate was 17%; however, 2 of these patients had pre-existing grade 3 GU toxicities from their HIFU/CRYO prior to PT. At 1 year, bowel summary, urinary incontinence, and urinary obstructive QOL scores declined, but only the bowel QOL score at 12 months met the minimally important difference threshold. Conclusions: PT achieved a high rate of bPFS with acceptable toxicity and minimal changes in QOL scores compared with baseline pre-PT functions. Although most patients have done fairly well, the study size is small, follow-up is short, and early results suggest that outcomes with PT for salvage after HIFU or CS failure are inferior to outcomes with PT given in the de novo setting with respect to disease control, toxicity, and QOL.
ISSN 03603016
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-05-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics
Volume Number 95
Issue Number 1


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