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Author Dezengrini, R. ♦ Weiss, M. ♦ Torres, F. D. ♦ Oliveira, M. S. ♦ Furian, F. ♦ Mello, C. F. ♦ Weiblen, R. ♦ Flores, E. F.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2009
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Keyword BoHV-5 ♦ rabbits ♦ pathogenesis ♦ nitric oxide ♦ Neurosciences ♦ Virology ♦ Infectious Diseases ♦ Immunology ♦ Neurology
Abstract We herein report an investigation of nitric oxide (NO) levels, a candidate molecule for neuronal toxicity and dysfunction, in the brain of rabbits during experimental neurological infection by bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5). Spectrophotometry for NO products (NO$_{2}$ and NO$_{3}$) revealed that NO levels were significantly increased (F(4, 40) = 3.33; P <.02) in several regions of the brain of rabbits with neurological disease, correlating with moderate to high BoHV-5 titers. Immunohistochemistry of brain regions revealed a group of cells with neuronal and astrocyte morphology expressing the enzyme inducible NO synthase (iNOS) close to virus antigenpositive neurons. In addition, the investigation of nitric oxide levels between 2 and 6 days post infection (d.p.i.) revealed an initial increase in NO levels in the olfactory bulb and cortex (OB/OC) and anterior cortex (AC) at day 3 p.i., correlating with the initial detection of virus. As the infection proceeded, increased NO levels— and infectivity—were progressively being detected in the OB/CO and AC at day 4 p.i. (F(12, 128) = 2.82; P <.003); at day 5 p.i. in several brain regions (P <.003 in the OB/OC); and at day 6 p.i. in all regions (P <.003) but the thalamus. These results show that BoHV-5 replication in the brain of rabbits induces an overproduction of NO. The increase in NO levels in early infection correlated spatially and temporally with virus dissemination within the brain and preceded the development of neurological signs. Thus, the overproduction of NO in the brain of BoHV-5-infected rabbits may be a component of the pathogenesis of BoHV-5-induced neurological disease.
ISSN 13550284
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15382443
Journal Journal of NeuroVirology
Volume Number 15
Issue Number 2
Page Count 11
Starting Page 153
Ending Page 163

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Source: SpringerLink