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Author Dongen, Hans P. A. ♦ Caldwell, John A. ♦ Caldwell, J. Lynn
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2006
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Philosophy & psychology ♦ Psychology
Subject Keyword Cognitive Psychology
Abstract Laboratory research has revealed considerable systematic variability in the degree to which individuals’ alertness and performance are affected by sleep deprivation. However, little is known about whether or not different populations exhibit similar levels of individual variability. In the present study, we examined individual variability in performance impairment due to sleep loss in a highly select population of military jet pilots. Ten active-duty F-117 pilots were deprived of sleep for 38 h and studied repeatedly in a high-fidelity flight simulator. Data were analyzed with a mixed-model ANOVA to quantify individual variability. Statistically significant, systematic individual differences in the effects of sleep deprivation were observed, even when baseline differences were accounted for. The findings suggest that highly select populations may exhibit individual differences in vulnerability to performance impairment from sleep loss just as the general population does. Thus, the scientific and operational communities’ reliance on group data as opposed to individual data may entail substantial misestimation of the impact of job-related stressors on safety and performance.
ISSN 1554351X
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2006-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15543528
Journal Behavior Research Methods
Volume Number 38
Issue Number 2
Page Count 11
Starting Page 333
Ending Page 343


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Source: SpringerLink