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Author Zgrabczyńska, Ewa ♦ Piłacińska, Barbara
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2002
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology
Subject Keyword Apodemus sylvaticus ♦ social relations ♦ social behaviour ♦ family-groups ♦ Zoology ♦ Animal Physiology ♦ Behavioural Sciences ♦ Animal Ecology ♦ Evolutionary Biology ♦ Animal Anatomy ♦ Morphology ♦ Histology
Abstract Two family-groups of wood miceApodemus sylvaticus (Linnaeus, 1758) were observed: one in the laboratory (terrarium 100 × 60 × 60 cm) and the other under enclosure conditions (outdoor enclosure 200 × 100 × 100 cm). Three consecutive periods in the social relations of the family-groups were described: the linear hierarchy, the multidirectional social relations, and the variable dominance-subordination relations. The linear social hierarchy was reflected in the subordination behaviour of family members in relation to the dominant male, the father of the family. During the period of coexistence of a pair of parents with two litters of juveniles, both in the laboratory and under enclosure conditions, amicable relations between individuals occurred. Advanced forms of social care (paternal care, allomaternal lactation, transportation and licking by relatives) were also observed. In the laboratory, agonistic interactions were lacking during the linear hierarchy period, but the attainment of sexual maturity by individuals of the first two litters, accompanied by an increase in the number of mice, resulted in aggression between mature males and competition for dominance. Further, under increasingly crowded conditions, agonistic behaviour prevailed over other types of social interaction, and the survival rate of juveniles decreased. Under enclosure conditions a seasonal variation in agonistic interaction between mature individuals was recorded, similar to that observed in the wild. Despite the systematic increase in population density, no attacks by mature males on juveniles were observed.
ISSN 00017051
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2002-01-01
Publisher Place Berlin, Heidelberg
e-ISSN 21903743
Journal Acta Theriologica
Volume Number 47
Issue Number 2
Page Count 12
Starting Page 151
Ending Page 162


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Source: SpringerLink