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Author Ma, Yee Chung ♦ Kim, Hee Yong
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1997
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences
Subject Keyword Analytical Chemistry ♦ Biotechnology ♦ Organic Chemistry ♦ Proteomics ♦ Bioinformatics
Abstract On-line atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) and electrospray ionization (ESI) liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) were evaluated for the analysis of a variety of steroids. Steroids were classified into three major groups based on the spectra and the sensitivities observed: (I) those containing a 3-one, 4-ene functional group, (II) those containing at least one ketone group without conjugation, and (III) those containing hydroxy group(s) only. In the APCI mode, the best sensitivity and the lowest detection limit for all three groups were obtained by using a mobile phase consisting of methanol and 1%–2% acetic acid in water. The APCI spectra were characterized by MH$^{+}$, MH$^{+}$-H$_{2}$O, MH$^{+}$-2H$_{2}$O, etc., with the degree of H$_{2}$O loss being compound dependent: group I steroids produced stable MH$^{+}$ and group III steroids showed extensive water loss. In the electrospray mode the best sensitivity and the lowest detection limit for the first two groups were obtained when pure methanol and water were used as the mobile phase. This condition produced abundant stable MNa$^{+}$ due to ubiquitous sodium. Detection limits in the 5–15 pg range can be easily achieved using ESI LC/MS. Addition of ammonium acetate or use of acetonitrile in the mobile phase, common in the LC/MS analysis of steroids, decreased the sensitivity for the group I and II steroids and thus should be avoided. For group III steroids, the detection limit can be improved by the addition of acetic acid to the mobile phase.
ISSN 10440305
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1997-01-01
Publisher Institution The American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 18791123
Journal Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Volume Number 8
Issue Number 9
Page Count 11
Starting Page 1010
Ending Page 1020

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Source: SpringerLink