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Author Keurentjes, Arjan
Source arXiv.org
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Date of Submission 2000-07-25
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics
Subject Keyword High Energy Physics - Theory ♦ physics:hep-th
Abstract In this thesis we discuss recent new insights in the structure of the moduli space of flat connections of Yang-Mills theory on a 3-torus. Chapter 2 discusses the computation of Witten's index for 4-dimensional gauge theories, and the paradox that arises in comparing various computations. This was resolved by the discovery that for orthogonal and exceptional gauge groups, periodic flat connections exist that are contained in seperate, disconnected components of the moduli space. Chapter 3 and 4 discuss some aspects of the construction of holonomies parametrising vacua on such disconnected components. Chapter 5 demonstrates a construction of vacua and holonomies for gauge theories with classical groups, with non-periodic (twisted) boundary conditions, using an orientifold description. The new solutions with exceptional and orthogonal gauge groups also occur in string theory. Chapter 6, containing previously unpublished material, shows that they can be realised within heterotic string theories as asymmetric orbifolds. The presence of string winding states modifies the analysis for the gauge theory in a crucial way, eliminating many possibilities. The remaining ones are related by string dualities to known and new theories.
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Page Count 144


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