Thumbnail
Access Restriction
Open

Author Hopkins, Philip F. ♦ Younger, Joshua D. ♦ Hayward, Christopher C. ♦ Narayanan, Desika ♦ Hernquist, Lars
Source arXiv.org
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Date of Submission 2009-11-05
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Astronomy & allied sciences ♦ Physics
Subject Keyword Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics ♦ Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies ♦ Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena ♦ Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics ♦ physics:astro-ph
Abstract We use a novel method to predict the contribution of normal star-forming galaxies, merger-induced bursts, and obscured AGN, to IR luminosity functions (LFs) and global SFR densities. We use empirical halo occupation constraints to populate halos with galaxies and determine the distribution of normal and merging galaxies. Each system can then be associated with high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations. We predict the distribution of observed luminosities and SFRs, from different galaxy classes, as a function of redshift from z=0-6. We provide fitting functions for the predicted LFs, quantify the uncertainties, and compare with observations. At all redshifts, 'normal' galaxies dominate the LF at moderate luminosities ~L* (the 'knee'). Merger-induced bursts increasingly dominate at L>>L*; at the most extreme luminosities, AGN are important. However, all populations increase in luminosity at higher redshifts, owing to increasing gas fractions. Thus the 'transition' between normal and merger-dominated sources increases from the LIRG-ULIRG threshold at z~0 to bright Hyper-LIRG thresholds at z~2. The transition to dominance by obscured AGN evolves similarly, at factor of several higher L_IR. At all redshifts, non-merging systems dominate the total luminosity/SFR density, with merger-induced bursts constituting ~5-10% and AGN ~1-5%. Bursts contribute little to scatter in the SFR-stellar mass relation. In fact, many systems identified as 'ongoing' mergers will be forming stars in their 'normal' (non-burst) mode. Counting this as 'merger-induced' star formation leads to a stronger apparent redshift evolution in the contribution of mergers to the SFR density.
Description Comment: 16 pages, 9 figures (+appendices), accepted to MNRAS. A routine to return the galaxy merger rates discussed here is available at http://www.cfa.harvard.edu/~phopkins/Site/mergercalc.html
Reference: Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc. 402:1693-1713, 2010
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Page Count 16


Open content in new tab

   Open content in new tab