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Author Hu, Haili ♦ Glebbeek, E. ♦ Thoul, A. A. ♦ Dupret, M. -A ♦ Stancliffe, R. J. ♦ Nelemans, G. ♦ Aerts, C.
Source arXiv.org
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Date of Submission 2009-12-23
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Astronomy & allied sciences ♦ Physics
Subject Keyword Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics ♦ physics:astro-ph
Abstract Diffusion of atoms can be important during quiescent phases of stellar evolution. Particularly in the very thin inert envelopes of subdwarf B stars, diffusive movements will considerably change the envelope structure and the surface abundances on a short timescale. Also, the subdwarfs will inherit the effects of diffusion in their direct progenitors, namely giants near the tip of the red giant branch. This will influence the global evolution and the pulsational properties of subdwarf B stars. We investigate the impact of gravitational settling, thermal diffusion and concentration diffusion on the evolution and pulsations of subdwarf B stars. Our diffusive stellar models are compared with models evolved without diffusion. We constructed subdwarf B models with a mass of 0.465 Msun from a 1 and 3 Msun ZAMS progenitor. The low mass star ignited helium in an energetic flash, while the intermediate mass star started helium fusion gently. For each progenitor type we computed series with and without atomic diffusion. Atomic diffusion in red giants causes the helium core mass at the onset of helium ignition to be larger. We find an increase of 0.0015 Msun for the 1 Msun model and 0.0036 Msun for the 3 Msun model. The effects on the red giant surface abundances are small after the first dredge up. The evolutionary tracks of the diffusive subdwarf B models are shifted to lower surface gravities and effective temperatures due to outward diffusion of hydrogen. This affects both the frequencies of the excited modes and the overall frequency spectrum. Especially the structure and pulsations of the post-non-degenerate sdB star are drastically altered, proving that atomic diffusion cannot be ignored in these stars.
Description Comment: 10 pages, 6 figures, accepted for publication in A&A
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Page Count 10


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