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Author Alon, Noga ♦ Klartag, Bo'az
Source arXiv.org
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Date of Submission 2008-09-18
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Mathematics
Subject Keyword Mathematics - Combinatorics ♦ Mathematics - Metric Geometry ♦ math
Abstract Let $G_{\infty}=(C_m^d)_{\infty}$ denote the graph whose set of vertices is $\{1,..., m\}^d$, where two distinct vertices are adjacent iff they are either equal or adjacent in $C_m$ in each coordinate. Let $G_{1}=(C_m^d)_1$ denote the graph on the same set of vertices in which two vertices are adjacent iff they are adjacent in one coordinate in $C_m$ and equal in all others. Both graphs can be viewed as graphs of the $d$-dimensional torus. We prove that one can delete $O(\sqrt d m^{d-1})$ vertices of $G_1$ so that no topologically nontrivial cycles remain. This improves an $O(d^{\log_2 (3/2)}m^{d-1})$ estimate of Bollob\'as, Kindler, Leader and O'Donnell. We also give a short proof of a result implicit in a recent paper of Raz: one can delete an $O(\sqrt d/m)$ fraction of the edges of $G_{\infty}$ so that no topologically nontrivial cycles remain in this graph. Our technique also yields a short proof of a recent result of Kindler, O'Donnell, Rao and Wigderson; there is a subset of the continuous $d$-dimensional torus of surface area $O(\sqrt d)$ that intersects all nontrivial cycles. All proofs are based on the same general idea: the consideration of random shifts of a body with small boundary and no- nontrivial cycles, whose existence is proved by applying the isoperimetric inequality of Cheeger or its vertex or edge discrete analogues.
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article


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