|Author||Gibaud, Thomas ♦ Damien, Frelat ♦ Manneville, Sébastien|
|Date of Submission||2009-11-06|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics|
|Subject Keyword||Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter ♦ physics:cond-mat|
|Abstract||Attractive colloidal gels display a solid-to-fluid transition as shear stresses above the yield stress are applied. This shear-induced transition is involved in virtually any application of colloidal gels. It is also crucial for controlling material properties. Still, in spite of its ubiquity, the yielding transition is far from understood, mainly because rheological measurements are spatially averaged over the whole sample. Here, the instrumentation of creep and oscillatory shear experiments with high-frequency ultrasound opens new routes to observing the local dynamics of opaque attractive colloidal gels. The transition proceeds from the cell walls and heterogeneously fluidizes the whole sample with a characteristic time whose variations with applied stress suggest the existence of an energy barrier linked to the gelation process. The present results provide new test grounds for computer simulations and theoretical calculations in the attempt to better understand the yielding transition. The versatility of the technique should also allow extensive mesoscopic studies of rupture mechanisms in soft solids ranging from crystals to glassy materials.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
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