|Date of Submission||2008-04-24|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics|
|Subject Keyword||Condensed Matter - Other Condensed Matter ♦ physics:cond-mat|
|Abstract||The classical impact of electrical currents on magnetic nanostructures is analyzed with numerical calculations of current-density distributions and Oersted fields in typical contact geometries. For the Oersted field calculation, a hybrid finite element / boundary element method (FEM/BEM) technique is presented which can be applied to samples of arbitrary shape. Based on the FEM/BEM analysis, it is argued that reliable micromagnetic simulations on spin-tranfer-torque driven magnetization processes should include precise calculations of the Oersted field, particularly in the case of pillar contact geometries. Similarly, finite-element simulations demonstrate that numerical calculations of current-density distributions are required, e.g., in the case of magnetic strips with an indentation. Such strips are frequently used for the design of devices based on current-driven domain-wall motion. A dramatic increase of the current density is found at the apex of the notch, which is expected to strongly affect the magnetization processes in such strips.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
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