|Author||Girardeau, M. D. ♦ Minguzzi, A.|
|Date of Submission||2008-07-21|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics|
|Subject Keyword||Condensed Matter - Other Condensed Matter ♦ physics:cond-mat|
|Abstract||The low-lying eigenstates of a one-dimensional (1D) system of many impenetrable point bosons and one moving impurity particle with repulsive zero-range impurity-boson interaction are found for all values of the impurity-boson mass ratio and coupling constant. The moving entity is a polaron-like composite object consisting of the impurity clothed by a co-moving gray soliton. The special case with impurity-boson interaction of point hard-core form and impurity-boson mass ratio $m_i/m$ unity is first solved exactly as a special case of a previous Fermi-Bose (FB) mapping treatment of soluble 1D Bose-Fermi mixture problems. Then a more general treatment is given using second quantization for the bosons and the second-quantized form of the FB mapping, eliminating the impurity degrees of freedom by a Lee-Low-Pines canonical transformation. This yields the exact solution for arbitrary $m_i/m$ and impurity-boson interaction strength.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
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