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Author Molinari, S. ♦ Faustini, F. ♦ Testi, L. ♦ Pezzuto, S. ♦ Cesaroni, R. ♦ Brand, J.
Source arXiv.org
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Date of Submission 2008-05-19
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Astronomy & allied sciences ♦ Physics
Subject Keyword Astrophysics ♦ physics:astro-ph
Abstract Determining the timeline for the formation of massive YSOs requires the identification and characterisation of all the phases that a massive forming YSO undergoes. It is of particular interest to verify the observability of the phase in which the object is rapidly accreting while not yet igniting the fusion of hydrogen that marks the arrival on the ZAMS. One of the candidate prototypical objects for this phase is Mol160/IRAS23385+6053, which previous studies suggest it could be in a pre-Hot Core stage. We further investigate this issue by means of Spitzer imaging and spectroscopy in the 5-70 micron range. The dense core of Mol160/IRAS23385+6053, which up to now had only been detected at submm and mm wavelenghts has been revealed for the first time at 24 and 70 micron by Spitzer. The complete 24 micron -3.4 mm continuum cannot be fitted with a standard model of a Zero-Age Main-Sequence (ZAMS) star embedded in an envelope. A simple greybody fit yields a mass of 220 solar masses. The luminosity is slightly in excess of 3000 solar luminosities, which is a factor of 5 less than previous estimates when only IRAS fluxes were available between 20 and 100 micron. The source is under-luminous by the same factor with respect to UCHII regions or Hot-Cores of similar circumstellar mass, and simple models show that this is compatible with an earlier evolutionary stage. Spectroscopy between 5 and 40 microns revelas typical PDR/PIR conditions, where the required UV illumination may be provided by other sources revealed at 24 microns in the same region, and which can be plausibly modeled as moderately embedded intermediate-mass ZAMS stars. Our results strengthen the suggestion that the central core in Mol160/IRAS23385+6053 is a massive YSO actively accreting from its circumstellar envelope and which did not yet begin hydrogen fusion.
Description Comment: Accepted by A&A
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article


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