### Edge percolation on a random regular graph of low degreeEdge percolation on a random regular graph of low degree

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 Author Pittel, Boris Source arXiv.org Content type Text File Format PDF Date of Submission 2008-08-26 Language English
 Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Mathematics Subject Keyword Mathematics - Probability ♦ 60K35 ♦ 60G42 ♦ 82B27 ♦ 82C20 (Primary) ♦ math Abstract Consider a uniformly random regular graph of a fixed degree $d\ge3$, with $n$ vertices. Suppose that each edge is open (closed), with probability $p(q=1-p)$, respectively. In 2004 Alon, Benjamini and Stacey proved that $p^*=(d-1)^{-1}$ is the threshold probability for emergence of a giant component in the subgraph formed by the open edges. In this paper we show that the transition window around $p^*$ has width roughly of order $n^{-1/3}$. More precisely, suppose that $p=p(n)$ is such that $\omega:=n^{1/3} p-p^* \to\infty$. If $pp^*$, and $\log\omega\gg\log\log n$, then whp the largest component has about $n(1-(p\pi+q)^d)\asymp n(p-p^*)$ vertices, and the second largest component is of size $(p-p^*)^{-2}(\log n)^{1+o(1)}$, at most, where $\pi=(p\pi+q)^{d-1},\pi\in(0,1)$. If $\omega$ is merely polylogarithmic in $n$, then whp the largest component contains $n^{2/3+o(1)}$ vertices. Description Reference: Annals of Probability 2008, Vol. 36, No. 4, 1359-1389 Educational Use Research Learning Resource Type Article