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Author Julstrom, Bryant A.
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2009
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Computer programming, programs & data
Subject Keyword Bounded-diameter minimum spanning tree problem ♦ Diameter ♦ Greedy heuristics ♦ Spanning trees
Abstract Given a connected, weighted, undirected graph $\textit{G}$ and a bound $\textit{D},$ the bounded diameter minimum spanning tree problem seeks a spanning tree on $\textit{G}$ of minimum weight among the trees in which no path between two vertices contains more than $\textit{D}$ edges. In Prim's algorithm, the diameter of the growing spanning tree can always be known, so it is a good starting point from which to develop greedy heuristics for the bounded diameter problem. Abdalla, Deo, and Gupta described such an algorithm. It imitates Prim's algorithm but avoids edges whose inclusion in the spanning tree would violate the diameter bound. Running the algorithm from one start vertex requires time that is $O(n^{3}).$ A modification of this approach uses the start vertex as the center of the spanning tree (if $\textit{D}$ is even) or as one of the two center vertices (if $\textit{D}$ is odd). This yields a simpler algorithm whose time is $O(n^{2}).$ A further modification chooses each next vertex at random rather than greedily, though it still connects each vertex to the growing tree with the lowest-weight feasible edge. On Euclidean problem instances with small diameter bounds, the randomized heuristic is superior to the two fully greedy algorithms, though its advantage fades as the diameter bound grows. On instances whose edge weights have been chosen at random, the fully greedy algorithms outperform the randomized heuristic.
ISSN 10846654
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-01-05
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 10846654
Journal Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA)
Volume Number 14
Page Count 14
Starting Page 1.1
Ending Page 1.14


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Source: ACM Digital Library