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Author Garbet, X. ♦ Waltz, R. E.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION ♦ TOKAMAK DEVICES ♦ SCALING LAWS ♦ TURBULENCE ♦ TRANSPORT THEORY ♦ INSTABILITY GROWTH RATES ♦ CORRELATION LENGTH ♦ CORRELATION TIME
Abstract Recent transport experiments in tokamaks have suggested the concept of {open_quote}{open_quote}action at distance{close_quote}{close_quote} in which the local turbulence depends on gradients at a distance larger than the correlation length. Furthermore, the scaling of the ion thermal diffusivity is not always consistent with local gyro-Bohm-like transport but rather scales worse than Bohm-like. This work is an attempt to reconcile these observations with simplified numerical simulations of toroidal ion temperature gradient (ITG) mode turbulence using a fast two-dimensional (2-D) inhomogeneous full radius turbulence code. It is found that action at a distance is possible, but only at weak damping rates, since the propagation range is given simply by the curvature drift group velocity divided by the average damping rate. The correlation lengths always scale linearly with the gyroradius. It is found that Bohm scaling or worse is possible when the gradients are close to the ITG threshold and the radial modes keep the turbulence level small enough to avoid destroying the slow to form global eigenmodes. In contrast to local ITG ballooning modes, the global eigenmode growth rates decrease with increasing gyroradius from the effect of larger diamagnetic rotational shear. This behavior results in an increase of the correlation time with increasing gyroradius, when the gradients are close to the thresholds. Thus, at sufficiently large relative gyroradius, the breaking of gyro-Bohm scaling can result from increased stability not mixing length. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}
ISSN 1070664X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1996-05-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Physics of Plasmas
Volume Number 3
Issue Number 5


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