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Author Fontenla, J. M. ♦ Codrescu, M. ♦ Fedrizzi, M. ♦ Fuller-Rowell, T. ♦ Hill, F. ♦ Landi, E. ♦ Woods, T.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ ALGORITHMS ♦ CHROMOSPHERE ♦ DENSITY ♦ IONOSPHERE ♦ MASS ♦ ORBITS ♦ PLASMA DENSITY ♦ RADIANT FLUX DENSITY ♦ RADIATIVE FORCING ♦ SOFT X RADIATION ♦ SPACE VEHICLES ♦ SUN ♦ SYNTHESIS ♦ THERMOSPHERE ♦ ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
Abstract In this paper we describe the synthetic solar spectral irradiance (SSI) calculated from 2010 to 2015 using data from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument, on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft. We used the algorithms for solar disk image decomposition (SDID) and the spectral irradiance synthesis algorithm (SISA) that we had developed over several years. The SDID algorithm decomposes the images of the solar disk into areas occupied by nine types of chromospheric and 5 types of coronal physical structures. With this decomposition and a set of pre-computed angle-dependent spectra for each of the features, the SISA algorithm is used to calculate the SSI. We discuss the application of the basic SDID/SISA algorithm to a subset of the AIA images and the observed variation occurring in the 2010–2015 period of the relative areas of the solar disk covered by the various solar surface features. Our results consist of the SSI and total solar irradiance variations over the 2010–2015 period. The SSI results include soft X-ray, ultraviolet, visible, infrared, and far-infrared observations and can be used for studies of the solar radiative forcing of the Earth’s atmosphere. These SSI estimates were used to drive a thermosphere–ionosphere physical simulation model. Predictions of neutral mass density at low Earth orbit altitudes in the thermosphere and peak plasma densities at mid-latitudes are in reasonable agreement with the observations. The correlation between the simulation results and the observations was consistently better when fluxes computed by SDID/SISA procedures were used.
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-01-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 834
Issue Number 1


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