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Author Bitter, M. ♦ Hill, K. W. ♦ Roquemore, A. L. ♦ Beiersdorfer, P. ♦ Kahn, S. M. ♦ Elliott, S. R. ♦ Fraenkel, B.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION ♦ SPECTROMETERS ♦ X-RAY SPECTROMETERS ♦ IMAGES ♦ PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS ♦ RESOLUTION ♦ FOCUSING ♦ TEXTOR TOKAMAK ♦ STX DEVICES
Abstract A new type of high-resolution x-ray imaging crystal spectrometers is described for implementation on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) to provide spatially and temporally resolved data on the ion temperature, toroidal and poloidal plasma rotation, electron temperature, impurity ion-charge state distributions, and impurity transport. These data are derived from observations of the satellite spectra of heliumlike argon, ArthinspXVII, which is the dominant charge state for electron temperatures in the range from 0.4 to 3.0 keV and which is accessible to NSTX. Experiments at the Torus Experiment for Technology Oriented Research (TEXTOR) demonstrate that a throughput of 2{times}10{sup 5}thinspphotons/s (corresponding to the count-rate limit of the present detectors) can easily be obtained with small, nonperturbing argon gas puffs of less than 1{times}10{sup {minus}3}thinspTorrthinspscr(l)/s, so that it is possible to record spectra with a small statistical error and a good time resolution (typically 50 and 1 ms in some cases). Employing a novel design, which is based on the imaging properties of spherically bent crystals, the spectrometers will provide spectrally and spatially resolved images of the plasma for all experimental conditions, which include ohmically heated discharges as well as plasmas with rf and neutral-beam heating. The conceptual design, experimental results on the focusing properties, and relevant spectral data from TEXTOR are presented. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}
ISSN 00346748
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1999-01-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Review of Scientific Instruments
Volume Number 70
Issue Number 1
Technical Publication No. CONF-980605-


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