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Author Chauhan, Jai Verdhan ♦ Yadav, J. S. ♦ Antia, H. M. ♦ Dedhia, Dhiraj ♦ Katoch, Tilak ♦ Madhwani, P. ♦ Shah, Parag ♦ Misra, Ranjeev ♦ Pahari, Mayukh ♦ Agrawal, P. C. ♦ Sridhar, Navin ♦ Manchanda, R. K. ♦ Paul, B.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ ACCRETION DISKS ♦ BINARY STARS ♦ DETECTION ♦ KEV RANGE ♦ MASS ♦ NEUTRON STARS ♦ OPERATION ♦ ORBITS ♦ OSCILLATIONS ♦ PERIODICITY ♦ POLAR-CAP ABSORPTION ♦ RANDOMNESS ♦ SPACE VEHICLES ♦ SPECTRA ♦ SPIN ♦ X RADIATION
Abstract The low-mass X-ray binary 4U 1728-24 was observed with AstroSat /LAXPC on 2016 March 8th. Data from a randomly chosen orbit of over 3 ks was analyzed for detection of rapid intensity variations. We found that the source intensity was nearly steady but, toward the end of the observation, a typical Type-1 burst was detected. Dynamical power spectrum of the data in the 3–20 keV band, reveals the presence of a kHz Quasi-Periodic Oscillation (QPO) for which the frequency drifted from ∼815 Hz at the beginning of the observation to about 850 Hz just before the burst. The QPO is also detected in the 10–20 keV band, which was not obtainable by earlier RXTE observations of this source. Even for such a short observation with a drifting QPO frequency, the time lag between the 5–10 and 10–20 keV bands can be constrained to be less than 100 microseconds. The Type-1 burst that lasted for about 20 s had a typical profile. During the first four seconds, dynamic power spectra reveal a burst oscillation for which the frequency increased from ∼361.5 to ∼363.5 Hz. This is consistent with the earlier results obtained with RXTE /PCA, showing the same spin frequency of the neutron star. The present results demonstrate the capability of the LAXPC instrument for detecting millisecond variability even from short observations. After RXTE ceased operation, LAXPC on AstroSat is the only instrument at present with the capability of detecting kHz QPOs and other kinds of rapid variations from 3 keV to 20 keV and possibly at higher energies as well.
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-05-20
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 841
Issue Number 1


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