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Researcher Shamota, Santosh Devi
Advisor Dangi, K. L.
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Publisher MPUAT
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies ♦ Animal husbandry
Subject Keyword Evaluation ♦ Naip ♦ Special Reference ♦ Interventions ♦ Introduced ♦ Wheat Cultivation ♦ Evaluation of Naip With Special Reference To Interventions Introduced In Wheat Cultivation In Banswara District of Rajasthan ♦ Extension Education
Abstract Shri Sharad Pawar, Union Agriculture Minister on July 2006 launched a 6 year ambitious agricultural research Programme National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) which focuses on innovations in agricultural technology. It was expected that worth Rs. 1170 crore project with the assistance of World Bank would facilitate an accelerated and sustainable transformation of the Indian Agriculture so that it can support poverty alleviation and income generation. This would be achieved through collaborative development and application of agricultural innovations by the public organizations in partnership with farmers’ groups, the private sector and other stakeholders. The project focuses on four components which aim at ICAR as the catalyzing agent for the management of change in the Indian National Agricultural Research System; Research on Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security and Budget Basic & Strategic Research in Frontier Areas of Agricultural Sciences multiple technology options in holistic and integrated manner in order to increase their productivity and profitability, sum of Rs. 1838.34 lac has been provided by the ICAR to the university (MPUAT). The project is for 5 years (2007 - 2012). This project is being run at present in four districts of Rajasthan, namely, Udaipur, Banswara, Dungarpur and Sirohi. The beneficiaries of the project are tribals only. Good efforts under the project are being made to replace local seeds of wheat with High Yielding Varieties along with important interventions such as Integrated Nutrient Management (INM), Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Irrigation Water Management (IWM). This is the right time to evaluate the project with regards to interventions introduced in wheat cultivation under it so that the project personnel could be suggested corrective measures for successful running and completion of the same. The present investigation entitled “Evaluation of NAIP with special reference to interventions introduced in wheat cultivation in Banswara district of Rajasthan†was thought to be undertaken with the following specific objectives: To assess the knowledge level of NAIP beneficiaries and non – beneficiaries about defined interventions of wheat. (vii) To study the extent of adoption of recommended interventions of wheat among the respondents. (viii) To determine the opinion of NAIP beneficiaries towards the wheat interventions in the study area. (ix) To find out the constraints encountered by the NAIP beneficiaries in adoption of recommended wheat interventions. (x) To compare the economic returns derived by the beneficiaries of the project with that of non – beneficiaries. The present NAIP project is in operation in four tribal populated districts namely, Udaipur, Banswara, Dungarpur and Sirohi. Therefore, district Banswara was selected based on maximum households covered under the project. The NAIP is in operation in two Panchayat Samities of Banswara district, namely Talwara and Garhi. Panchayat Samiti Talwara was selected for the study. After having drawn sample of 19 respondents (beneficiaries) each from every beneficiary village, similar size of sample of non-beneficiaries (19) from each of the non- beneficiary villages was drawn with the help of random sampling procedure. Hence, control sample was of 76 farmers. Total size of sample was of 152 respondents, combining beneficiaries and non – beneficiaries. In accordance with the objectives, an interview schedule was developed for the collection of data from the selected respondents by the researcher herself. Relevant data were collected from the selected respondents with the help of a constructed interview schedule. The study variables were classified as the case may be with the help of arbitrary method adopted by Chauhan (1994) in his Ph.D. thesis. Face to face interview technique was employed for collecting the data from the respondents. Software SPSS 10th version was used for analyzing the data. Following are the salient findings: 1. That majority of respondents, i.e.75 (49.35 per cent) of total belonged to the middle age group of 35 to 45 years. The respondents in old and young age groups were found to be 52 (34.21 per cent) and 25 (16.44 per cent) respectively. 2. That maximum 73 (48.02 per cent) respondents were Illiterate, while 27 (17.78 per cent) were educated up to middle. Few, 4 (2.63 per cent) of total were studied upto graduate. 3. That majority of the (total 152) respondents 84 (55.26 per cent) belonged to nuclear families and rest 44.73 per cent were from joint families 4. That majority of the respondents 113 (74.34 per cent) were from high knowledge category, while 27 (17.77 per cent) could be placed under medium knowledge category. The proportion of respondents reported in the low knowledge were 12 (6.89 per cent) in the study area. 5. The proportion of beneficiaries 51 (67.10 per cent) is more than those of nonbeneficiaries 25 (32.89 per cent). It means, the knowledge of beneficiaries with regards to GW-273 of wheat was just double than non-beneficiaries. Therefore, results indicated clear cut impact of NAIP on beneficiaries in the context of imparting knowledge to them regarding GW-273 variety of wheat crop in Banswara district (Talwara Panchayat Samiti). 6. The impact of NAIP with respect to knowledge of beneficiaries about IPM interventions as compared to non-beneficiaries. 7. Knowledge of farmers about IWM of wheat depicts definite impact of NAIP on the beneficiaries. Therefore, it is concluded that Beneficiaries are superiors in relation to their know how about IWM than non-beneficiaries. This might have been possible due to the fact that the NAIP of MPUAT is working in the right direction regarding intervening farmers to introduce IWM techniques in wheat. 8. That majority of the selected beneficiaries 50 (65.79 per cent) had high level of adoption of high yielding varieties as compared to 29 (38.16 per cent) nonbeneficiaries. beneficiaries are being exposed with the general knowledge of HYVs of wheat under NAIP. 9. It may be concluded that respondents showed high to moderate favourable opinion towards use of HYVs in wheat. More clearly, the results indicated positive impact of NAIP because the beneficiaries expressed good feelings and liking towards HYVs. 10. More logging in saline and alkaline water and severe damage through rodents were less severe constraints perceived by the respondents and ranked 11, and 12 with 58.33 and 55.50 MPS, respectively by them. 11. That majority of the respondents 77 (50.56 per cent) were from medium BC ratio, while 71 (46.71 per cent) could be placed under high BC ratio. The proportion of respondents reported in the low BC ratio was 4 (2.63 per cent) in the study area. Recommendations: 1. Raj-3077, Raj-3765, Raj-4037 and GW-273 of wheat should widely be popularized under NAIP or under similar projects where similar conditions of wheat cultivation prevail. 2. The IPM interventions under NAIP that are advocated to the farmers of Talwara Panchayat samiti, (Banswara) may be suggested for wheat crop under similar conditions. 3. The IWM technologies which are popularized under NAIP among the farmers of Banswara district may be duplicated in true to the type of situations elsewhere. 4. The project should be extended further by the ICAR. INM interventions, which are practiced in the investigation area, must be replicated elsewhere also. 5. The most severe constraints viz., shattering with over maturity in wheat susceptibility of wheat diseases, unavailability of HYVs and improper education of farmers regarding profitability must be minimized so as to enable the beneficiaries for adoption of HYVs of wheat in the study area. 6. The present consortia NAIP project of the MPUAT should be continued even after its termination. It must be repeated at some other place with more budgetary provisions.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Place Udaipur
Size (in Bytes) 663.69 kB
Page Count 145