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Researcher Panwar, Prakash
Advisor Gupta, Puspha
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Publisher MPUAT
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Home & family management
Subject Keyword Drudgery ♦ Reduction ♦ Farm Women ♦ Improved Farm ♦ Home ♦ Animal Husbandry Technologies ♦ Drudgery Reduction of Farm Women Through Improved Farm ♦ Home & Animal Husbandry Technologies ♦ Home Science Extension Education
Abstract Farm women play a significant role inside the house as well as on farm along with animal husbandry works. The triple burden has made the life of rural women miserable & full of drudgery. The new technological development to reduce drudgery are taking place & they must reach to the clientele to increase their efficiency at work. The present study was undertaken with the following objectives 1) To identify drudgeries of farm women in farm, home and animal husbandry activities 2) To explore tested technologies for identified drudgeries 3) To assess the impact of training on gain in knowledge and skill of farm women about selected drudgery reducing technologies. 4) To find out the appropriateness of selected technologies as perceived by farm women. 5) To assess the symbolic adoption of selected technologies. The study was conducted in different phases as i) Identification of drudgeries & technologies ii) Training & intervention and iii) Impact assessment. Study was carried out in district Bhilwara out of 11 panchayat samities, 2 P.S. were randomly selected. From each P.S. 2 villages were purposively selected from each village 40-45 farm women of small and marginal families were selected. PRA was used for drudgery identification in which 12 FGD’s were held & by matrix ranking two highest drudgery prone tasks were identified for each area i.e. i) Farm-Harvesting, weeding & hoeing. Home-cooking & collection of fuel iii) Animal Husbandry-chaffing of fodder and preparation of butter from curd. Tested technologies were identified for these task which were naveen sickle, wheel hoe, pressure cooker, smokeless chulha, chaff cutter & electric butter churner. For all these technologies training package was developed. A sample of 30 farm women was selected from each PRA group who were ready for training & intervention. Four training programmes of 3 days each were organized using develop trg. Package along with A.V. aids & methods. Technological intervention of 6 weeks was executed in each village by providing technologies at hand along with monitoring the use for technologies. Impact assessment was made after training & intervention programme. The results clearly depicted the impact of training & intervention as the respondents with initial ‘poor’ knowledge category shifted to ‘good’ knowledge and MPS ranged between 87.62-100 percent. In case of skill development after training there was tremendous gain in 4 technologies except naveen sickle & chaff cutter in which 50-65.5% respondents attained average skills & after intervention MPS of skills further increased to 80-100%. Due to intervention programme respondents got more acquainted with technologies and could think of the appropriateness & thereafter symbolic adoption of technologies. Respondents perceived all the six technologies highly appropriate in terms of energy, time & money saving. Symbolic adoption indicated possibility of high adoption of all six technologies. The ‘t’ values of gain in knowledge & skill after trg. & intervention were highly significant which depicts very good impact. There was positive & highly significant correlation b/w knowledge, skill & symbolic adoption. Need based trg organized on principle of learning by doing perceived definitely has good impact on gain in knowledge & skills leading to adoption of the drudgery reducing technologies.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Place Udaipur
Size (in Bytes) 600.46 kB
Page Count 159