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Researcher Kaur, Preetpal
Advisor Saggu, Harinder Kaur
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Publisher Punjab Agricultural University
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Home & family management
Subject Keyword Craft ♦ Khes ♦ Weave ♦ Design ♦ Edge Finishing ♦ Documentation and Design Development of Khes Weaving Craft In Rural Malwa Region of Punjab ♦ Home Science ♦ Khes Weaving Craft
Abstract The investigation entitled ‘Documentation and design development of khes weaving craft in rural Malwa region of Punjab’ was carried out in three districts mainly Ludhiana, Moga and Bathinda in Malwa region through purposive random sampling technique. From each district, three villages were selected through snowball sampling technique where khes weaving was done. Documentation was done regarding khes available in the market and its weaving process by using primary sources like handloom units in villages and from the secondary sources like books, internet, magazines, encyclopedia etc. Information regarding raw material, tools & equipment, design, colour, size, weight, and its production process was gathered. An interview schedule was formulated for the purpose of collecting data of 90 women from nine villages of three districts of Malwa region. The results of the study revealed that 40.00 per cent of the respondents were 40-50 years of age group and only 12.22 per cent were matriculate in Malwa region. Majority of the respondents belonged to nuclear families, were housewives and had monthly family income ranging between ` 15,001-25,000. Khes weaving craft was mainly adopted by schedule caste families and most of the respondents acquired skill of weaving from their mothers and grandmothers. Respondents procured yarn from their self-cultivated cotton crop and used in ball form for warping in the floor loom. Majority of the respondents used white colour yarn for khes making and only miniscule number of respondents (20.00%) preferred four colour combination. Majority of the respondents used cool colour scheme in checks and stripes for making khes. Pit loom was used for khes weaving. Finishing of edges was done with tassels by all the respondents. Respondents considered colour combination as one of the major factors in Ludhiana and Moga, except in Bathinda, where an equal rank was given to colour combination and texture. Easy availability was one of the main reason for using cotton as yarn used for khes weaving. Majority of the respondents made khes for domestic use only and a small number of them purchased khes from local market with price ranging between ` 800-1000 per pair. Ten designs for khes samples were developed through computer aided designing (CAD) using Corel Draw X3. These designs were used for making prototype samples of khes. The samples were evaluated by the respondents on the basis of design, colour combination, weave pattern, texture and overall appearance. Majority of the respondents preferred design S8 of khes which was ranked first. The most preferred sample of khes was prepared and evaluated by a sub sample of 30 respondents on the basis of texture, design, colour combination, edge finishing, binding by using colourful fabric, utility and overall appearance. The quoted price was considered adequate with a profit margin 30.76 per cent and the consumers were ready to pay the quoted price.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Place Ludhiana
Size (in Bytes) 8.29 MB
Page Count 76