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Researcher Bhambhoo, P. K.
Advisor Sharma, F. L.
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Publisher MPUAT
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies ♦ Animal husbandry
Subject Keyword Fertilizer ♦ Behaviour ♦ Cotton ♦ Growers ♦ Fertilizer Use Behaviour of Cotton Growers In Rajsamand District of Rajasthan ♦ Extension Education
Abstract In Rajasthan cotton is cultivated in 5.30 lakh hectares area with a total production of 17.10 lakh bales and the productivity is quite low i.e. 548 kg/ha average yield. This low level can be achieved through adoption of recommended fertilizers by the cotton growers. Keeping these facts in view, the present study was undertaken with following specific objectives: 1. To assess the knowledge level of farmers about various fertilizers used in cotton crop. 2. To find out the extent of fertilizer use behavior of cotton growers. 3. To know the opinion of respondents towards use of fertilizers in cotton crop. 4. To ascertain the association between selected personal variables and extent of utilization of various fertilizers by the cotton growers. 5. To identity the constraints being perceived by farmers in use of recommended fertilizers in cotton. The present study was conducted in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. There are total seven tehsils in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan, out of which two tehsils namely Railmagra and Rajsamand were selected on the basis of maximum area under cotton cultivation. Eight villages from each identified tehsil were selected on the basis of maximum area under cotton cultivation. For selection of respondents, 120 cotton growers (40 marginal, 40 small and 40 large farmers) were randomly selected from identified villages for data collection. Data were collected with the help of interview schedule through face to face contact method. Different statistical tests like mean, mean per cent score, rank, standard deviation, chi-square test and ‘F’ test were used in the analysis of data. The overall study reports the following main findings. The study revealed that 45.83 per cent of the total respondents possessed high level of knowledge while, 32.50 and 21.67 per cent cotton growers had medium and low level of knowledge about use of fertilizers in cotton cultivation respectively. It was further observed that the extent of knowledge in marginal farmers was from 50.45 to 80.00 per cent, whereas in case of small and large farmers it was 50.68 to 80.50 and 57.50 to 85.00 per cent respectively in various fertilizers used in cotton cultivation. There was significant difference between large and small farmers and large and marginal farmers with regard to knowledge about various fertilizers used in cotton crop. It was found that 45.83 per cent of the total respondents possessed medium level of fertilizer use behaviour whereas, 34.17 and 20.00 per cent cotton growers had high and low level of fertilizer use behavior respectively. It was also observed that the fertilizers namely Urea, Di-ammonium phosphate, Single super phosphate and Zinc sulphate were commonly used by the farmers for cultivation of cotton. The study further indicated that there was significant difference between large and marginal farmers about extent of use of fertilizers in cotton cultivation. The study indicated that 49.17 per cent respondents had moderately favourable opinion, while 26.67 and 24.17 per cent respondents possessed high and least favourable opinion towards use of fertilizers in cotton crop respectively. It was also observed that the opinion of marginal farmers was from 76.00 to 94.00 per cent, whereas, in case of small and large farmers, it was from 69 to 94.50 and 68.50 to 92.50 per cent respectively. The study also indicated that there was no significant difference in all the three categories of farmers with respect to opinion towards use of fertilizers in cotton cultivation. It was observed that personal characteristics of the respondents viz., age, education were significantly associated with the extent of fertilizers use behaviour of cotton growers, whereas, income level, economic motivation, cosmopoliteness and extension contact were not significantly associated with extent of fertilizer use behaviour of cotton growers. The findings indicated that 48.33 per cent respondents had high level of constraints, while 33.33 and 18.33 per cent respondents possessed medium and low level of constraints about use of recommended fertilizers in cotton crop respectively. It was also observed that poor economic condition of the farmers for purchasing fertilizers, high cost of chemical and bio-fertilizers, non-availability of credit facility for purchasing fertilizers, lack of facility for testing the fertilizer quality and poor quality of chemical fertilizers were major constraints perceived by the cotton growers in application of recommended fertilizers in cotton cultivation. The study also indicated that there was no significant difference in all the three categories of farmers with respect constraints perceived by farmers in use of recommended fertilizers in cotton cultivation.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Place Udaipur
Size (in Bytes) 565.26 kB
Page Count 111