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Researcher Rewani, Sanjay Kumar
Advisor Oraon, J.
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Publisher Birsa Agricultural University
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies ♦ Animal husbandry
Subject Keyword An Assessment On Working of Livestock Dependent Self Help Groups (shgs) In Ranchi District of Jharkhand ♦ Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education
Abstract Indian micro-finance sector dominated by Self Help Groups (SHGs) addresses issues like actualizing equitable gains from the development and fighting poverty. Livestock development through SHGs are, therefore presently on the limelight due to their immense impact on capacity building and demographic enlightenment in rural India. The SHG-bank linkage programme has not progressed in the state of Jharkhand at the same pace as in other parts of country. With this backdrop of poor progress of SHGs in Jharkhand, the present study entitled “An Assessment on Working of Livestock Dependent Self Help Groups (SHGs) in Ranchi District of Jharkhand†was conducted with the following objectives: 1. To study the socio-personal, communication and psychological characteristics of SHG members. 2. To understand the structure and function of selected SHGs. 3. To study the social empowerment of SHG members. 4. To assess the economic empowerment of SHG members. 5. To compare the performance of Government promoted and NGO promoted SHGs. 6. To study the perception of SHG members towards the programme. The present study was carried out in purposively selected Ranchi district of Jharkhand owing to the presence of large number of SHGs in this area, which were predominantly involved in livestock rearing. Three blocks of Ranchi district namely Kanke, Angara and Ormanjhi, having maximum number of livestock dependent SHGs were purposively selected for the study. Two government promoted and two NGO promoted SHGs were randomly selected from each block. Thus, a total of twelve SHGs were selected. All selected SHGs were Women SHGs. All members of the randomly selected SHGs were taken as respondents for the study. Thus, a total of 140 respondents were selected. They were interviewed personally with the help of a structured schedule. The collected data were tabulated and analyzed by using appropriate statistical tools. The salient findings of the study were : majority of the SHG members were middle aged (53.57%), illiterate (75.71%), belonging to ST category (61.43%), possessing small sized family (51.43%) and having agriculture as primary (57.14%) and livestock rearing as secondary (41.43%) occupation ; majority of them were having marginal land holding (67.86%) with annual income upto Rs. 25,000 (62.14%) and 6-10 years experience in animal husbandry (51.43%) ; a great majority of the respondents had low level of extension contact (80.71%), mass media exposure (89.29%) and availability of technical inputs (81.43%) ; most of the members (93.57%) had taken training for animal husbandry and a large number of them were having either neutral or favourable attitude towards animal husbandry (43.57% and 42.14%, respectively) ; majority of the respondents had high level of economic motivation (57.86%) and medium knowledge about animal husbandry practices (60.71%). Majority of the SHGs (83.33%) were medium sized having 10 to 15 members and all the SHGs were homogenous in terms of social and financial background of their members ; structure and conduct of SHGs especially with reference to size, homogeneity, conduct and attendance of meetings, utilization of savings, record keeping etc. were broadly in conformity with the guidelines of the programme ; all the SHGs had passed the Ist grading and had received the revolving fund but only half of them were able to cross the IInd grading and of them only one-third had availed bank loan for Income Generating Activities (IGAs) ; half of the SHGs had taken pig rearing, one-third had taken goat rearing and rest (16.67%) had taken cattle rearing as their IGAs, and only some of the members in all SHGs were involved in IGAs. There was a positive and significant change in the self confidence level, participation in decision making within family and membership in other organizations of the members after joining SHG, however, there was no significant change in economic independency, control over their income and participation in decision making of the members at group or community level ; there was a significant increase in the annual household income of the members from livestock rearing and total annual household income, and a considerable increase in the possession of the assets like home appliances, type of houses, vehicles etc. of the members after joining SHG ; there was no significant difference in the performance of government promoted and NGO promoted SHGs ; almost all the SHG members were in agreement with the positive statements about the SHG and majority were in disagreement with the negative statements.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Place Jharkhand ♦ Ranchi
Size (in Bytes) 2.11 MB
Page Count 115