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Researcher Deshmane, K. C.
Advisor Birari, K. S.
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Publisher Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies
Subject Keyword Sugarcane ♦ Agricultural Economics
Abstract The present study has been undertaken to compare the economics of strip method and conventional method of sugarcane cultivation in Satara district. The investigation has based on the cross sectional farm data obtained by survey method from the sample of 120 sugarcane growers, 60 each from strip method and conventional method of sugarcane planting from the selected 6 villages of each from Karad and Satara tahsils of the Satara district. The data for the year 2001-2002 related to resource use costs returns and profitability were analysed . The analysis was further extended to work out the resource profitabilities and resource use efficiencies. The finding of the study revealed that the per hectare use of important resource such as human labour, bullock labour, machine labour, planting material, manure, plant were more in case of the conventional method as compared to the strip method of sugarcane cultivation. There was saving in the use of all these resources in ranging from 3.31 to 16.40 per cent in strip method over conventional method. The cost structure at the level of cost 'A', cost 'B', cost 'C and under individual items of costs was less in strip method of cultivation than the conventional one except the items of cost like rental value of land. The saving in per hectare cost of cultivation of sugarcane at the level of cost 'A' cost 'B' and cost 'C was to the extent of 9.61, 2.74, 3.37 per cent, respectively. Under strip method. The yield of sugarcane, the value of the gross produce, the net returns and benefit cost ratio were more as compared to the conventional method. The per ton cost of production in case of strip method was less than the conventional method of sugarcane cultivation. Due to adoption of strip method there was increase in yield of main produce, by produce, gross return and net return by 12.96, 27.07, 13.69 and 45.58 per cent respectively over the conventional method at overall level. The eight resource variable included in the production function analysis have explained variation in output i.e. 78.91 per cent in case of conventional method and 76.07 per cent in case of strip method. In general, the resource variables namely human labour, bullock labour, manure, nitrogen, phosphorous were the important resource variables influencing the sugarcane output. However, the regression coefficient of the potassium and other working capital was negative and non significant. In case of conventional method human labour bullock labour, nitrogen and phosphorous were significant. Where as the variables such as area, potassium and other working capital were positive but non significant the sum of the production elasticities of the independent variables indicating an increasing returns to scale in case of both the methods. Positive difference between the marginal value productivity analysis indicated that there is a scope to increase the existing use level of resources such as human labour, bullock labour, manure, nitrogenous and phosphatic fertilizers under strip method. In the case of the conventional method the use levels of human labour, bullock labour, nitrogenous, phosphatic and potassic fertilizers can be extended. Non availability of technical knowledge, skilled labour, difficulty in layout of the fields, lack of experience and wastage of the land are the major constraints faced by the adopters and non adopters of the strip method.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Place Maharashtra
Size (in Bytes) 6.89 MB
Page Count 136