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Researcher Sethy, Jyoti Prakash
Advisor Singh, Dharam Raj
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies
Subject Keyword An Economic Study of System of Rice Intensification In Bihar ♦ Agricultural Economics
Abstract System of Rice intensification (SRI) is an environment well disposed & novel strategy of rice cultivation which incorporates utilization of less seed, less water and fewer chemicals to obtain higher yield and profitability. Therefore, the study was undertaken in Bihar to assess the adoption of SRI and its determinants, constraints and sustainability, to examine input use and profitability in SRI method vis-à -vis traditional method of paddy cultivation using primary data collected for the Agricultural Year 2013-14. Tabular analysis, Logit regression, Tobit regression, sustainability index, Garrett’s ranking and cost and return concepts were employed to achieve the objectives. Adoption index showed transplanting early seedling having highest weightage and poor adoption in all SRI practices. Logit regression results showed that family labour and number of training attended were the significant factors influencing the adoption of SRI method. Tobit analysis result indicated that access to extension and number of training attended have significant influences on adoption of SRI package of practices. Further, farmers’ perception indicated subsidy, higher yield and profit are the important determinants. SRI method of rice cultivation gives significantly higher yields in comparison to traditional method and is generating impressively higher returns though input cost is almost the same. Decomposition analysis revealed that of the total increase in rice productivity, the contribution of SRI technology and application of recommended FYM quantities and green manuring were impressive. SRI is employment generating as it uses more labour comparing to traditional method. However, the sustainability of SRI method was found nonsatisfactory. Non- availability of skilled labour was found to be the major constraints to adoption of SRI method. To realize the inclusive and full benefit of SRI technology, the efforts should be directed to enhance the adoption of recommended practices of SRI by all the stakeholders, demonstration of SRI cultivation on farmers’ fields, training to farm labours, standardize/improve the SRI practices and mechanization of SRI operations.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Size (in Bytes) 943.99 kB