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Researcher Patel, Vishvajeet J.
Advisor Chauhan, N. M.
Source KrishiKosh-Indian National Agricultural Research System
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Publisher EXTENSION EDUCATION DEPT., N. M. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, NAVSARI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Agriculture & related technologies ♦ Animal husbandry
Subject Keyword Extension Education ♦ M.sc. Thesis
Abstract Farm women are the backbone of Indian agriculture. Growing food has been an interminable saga of her life. Like other rural women tribal women also play an important role in agriculture. Even cultural anthropological literature suggests that agriculture is invention of women. Farming in India is mainly a family occupation. Role performance defined as the way women actually plays their role in a livelihood management. Farm women play vital role within home as housewives in managing the domestic affairs and they work as co-partners in the farming profession. No operation in field is beyond them. They are best in sowing, transplanting, weeding, manuring, harvesting, winnowing, threshing, storing, marketing and rearing livestock etc. Besides they are the manager to the household activities. They take important decision in home and outside the home. Scientific achievements and modernization are yet to make an impact on them. Therefore, it was felt necessary to carry out the investigation entitled “Role performance of tribal farm women in livelihood management†. OBJECTIVES 1. To study the profile of the tribal farm women. 2. To study the participation of the tribal farm women in agriculture, animal husbandry and household activities. 3. To study the tribal farm women's involvement in decision making for home management, farm management and animal husbandry practices. 4. To study the role performance of tribal farm women in crop and animal husbandry practices. 5. To study the relationship between selected independent variables with role performance of tribal farm women in crop and animal husbandry practices. 6. To study the constraints faced by tribal farm women in livelihood management and seek their suggestions to overcome the constraints and extension strategy. METHODOLOGY Total 6 talukas of Tapi district were selected for the study in which Vyara, Dolvan, Valod, Songadh, Uchchhal and Nizer talukas of Tapi district of South Gujarat. From each talukas two villages were selected and from each village ten respondents were selected randomly. So from each taluka total twenty respondents were selected for present study. The simple random sampling method was used to select 120 respondents for the study. An interview schedule was developed by covering all dependent and independent variables. The personal interview method was used to collect the role performance, views, problems and suggestions of the respondents. The data collected through interview schedule was transferred in the master sheet. The statistical tools i.e. frequency, rank, arithmetic mean, standard deviation and correlation coefficient (r) were used to derive the inference. FINDINGS 1. Majority of the respondents (83.33 per cent) were in middle to young age groups. 2. More than three fifth of the respondents (67.50 per cent) had secondary level of education. 3. Majority (92.50 percent) of the respondents were married. 4. More than half of the respondents (55.83 per cent) had 3 to 5 number of children 5. Three fifth of the respondents (60.83 per cent) belonged to the joint family. 6. Majority (81.66 per cent) of the respondents belonged medium to big family size. 7. More than half (54.16 per cent) of the respondents had medium herd size. 8. Two-fifth (37.50 per cent) of the respondents possessed skilled occupation. 9. Majority of respondents (92.50 per cent) had medium to big size of land holding. 10. Nearly three fifth of (58.32 per cent) respondents had medium to low annual income. 11. Majority (80.83 per cent) of the respondents sometimes to regularly used source of information. 12. Majority of the respondents (85.00 per cent) involved in social activities. 13. Majority (80.00 per cent) of respondents had moderate level of scientific orientation. 14. Majority (93.33 per cent) of the respondents earned their livelihood from two to three enterprises. 15. Majority of the respondents (76.66 per cent) had medium participation in agricultural activities. 16. Majority of the respondents (72.50 per cent) had in medium participation in animal husbandry activities. 17. Majority (90.83 per cent) of the respondents had medium to high participation in household activities. 18. More than half of (52.50 per cent) the respondents had medium level of decision making in home management. 19. Majority (73.33 per cent) of the respondents were medium level of decision making in farm management. 20. More than three fifth (64.16 per cent) of the respondents were medium level of decision making in animal husbandry practices. 21 Majority (74.16 per cent) of the respondents were moderate role performance in crop practices. 22 More than three fifth (65.84 per cent) of the respondents were moderate role performance in animal husbandry practices. 23 Education, number of children, herd size, land holding, source of information and scientific orientation of respondents had positive and highly significant relationship with role performance of tribal farm women in crop practices. 24 Education and land holding found positive and highly significant relationship while number of children, herd size, source of information, scientific orientation and livelihood option of respondents were found positive and significant relationship with role performance of tribal farm women in animal husbandry practices. 25 Out of different constraints high construction cost of cattle shed was perceived by the respondents as main constraint followed by lack of timely artificial insemination facility in village, concentrate feeds and mineral mixture are costly, lack of useful training toward scientific management of animals and non availability of green fodder round the year, respectively. 26 The majority of the respondents had reported that the subsidy should be available for construction of cattle shed followed by cattle feed and mineral mixture should be provided at cheaper rate, saving their time and energy spent on household work, facility should be established in villages for artificial insemination, development of Co-operative society for farm women, training should be given about dairy management and technical know-how aspects, training should be given about silage preparation, training programme should be organized by extension institute for regular update of improved agriculture technology and regular visit should be carried out by VLWs, respectively.
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Place Navsari
Size (in Bytes) 3.01 MB